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Conventional cytogenetic analysis is often hampered owing to the low mitotic index of multiple myeloma (MM) cells in bone marrow samples of MM. Interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (I-FISH) analysis combined with magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS) has substantially enhanced the sensitivity of cytogenetic analysis. Here, we used I-FISH to(More)
The melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae Coquillett, is a species of fruit flies of significant agricultural interest. Of supposed Indian origin, the melon fly is now widely distributed throughout South East Asia up to China, while it has been recently eradicated from Japan. The population structure of seven geographic populations from coastal China, as well as(More)
Many studies have shown that microglia in the activated state may be neurotoxic. It has been proven that uncontrolled or over-activated microglia play an important role in many neurodegenerative disorders. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) have been shown in many animal models to have a therapeutic effect on neural damage. Such a(More)
Previous studies have shown beneficial effects of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation in central nervous system (CNS) injuries, including traumatic brain injury (TBI). Potential repair mechanisms involve transdifferentiation to replace damaged neural cells and production of growth factors by MSCs. However, few studies have simultaneously focused on(More)
DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) and histone deacetylase are key enzymes mediating the epigenetic regulation of gene expression. DNA hypermethylation and/or histone deacetylation in promoter regions is often associated with downregulation or silencing of transcription. Epigenetic silencing of tumor suppressor genes plays an important role in malignant(More)
miRNAs play important roles in the regulation of cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. The deregulation of miRNAs expression contributes to tumorigenesis by modulating oncogenic and tumor suppressor signaling pathways. Oncogenic transcription factor Myc can control expression of a large set of microRNAs (miRNAs). Previous studies have shown(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are potent antigen-presenting cells (APCs) that are characterized by the ability to take up and process antigens and prime T cell responses. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells that have been shown to have immunomodulatory abilities, including inhibition of DC maturation and function in vivo and in vitro; however, the(More)
Glioblastoma stem cells (GSCs) play an important role in the progression and recurrence of malignant glioblastoma because of their potential for self-renewal, multilineage differentiation and tumor initiation. A disintegrin and metalloproteinase 17 (ADAM17) is responsible for the proteolytic cleavage of Notch within its extracellular domain leading to the(More)
A unique ruthenium(II) complex, tris(4-methyl-2,2'-bipyridyl-4'-carboxaldehyde)Ru(II) hexafluorophosphate [Ru(CHO-bpy)(3)](PF(6))(2), has been designed and synthesized as a highly sensitive and selective luminescence probe for the recognition and detection of cysteine (Cys) and homocysteine (Hcy). The almost non-luminescent probe can rapidly react with Cys(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs), small non-protein-coding RNA molecules, modulate target gene expression by binding to 3'untranslated regions (UTR) of target mRNA. These molecules are aberrantly expressed in many human cancers, and can function either as tumor suppressors or oncogenes. In the current study, we show that miR-107 is down-regulated in glioma tissues and(More)