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Previous studies have shown beneficial effects of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation in central nervous system (CNS) injuries, including traumatic brain injury (TBI). Potential repair mechanisms involve transdifferentiation to replace damaged neural cells and production of growth factors by MSCs. However, few studies have simultaneously focused on(More)
miRNAs play important roles in the regulation of cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. The deregulation of miRNAs expression contributes to tumorigenesis by modulating oncogenic and tumor suppressor signaling pathways. Oncogenic transcription factor Myc can control expression of a large set of microRNAs (miRNAs). Previous studies have shown(More)
Cerebral Flow Autoregulation (CFA) is the dynamic process by which cerebral blood flow is maintained within physiologically acceptable bounds during fluctuations of cerebral perfusion pressure. The distinction is made with "static" flow autoregulation under steady-state conditions of perfusion pressure, described by the celebrated "autoregulatory curve"(More)
Conventional cytogenetic analysis is often hampered owing to the low mitotic index of multiple myeloma (MM) cells in bone marrow samples of MM. Interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (I-FISH) analysis combined with magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS) has substantially enhanced the sensitivity of cytogenetic analysis. Here, we used I-FISH to(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are potent antigen-presenting cells (APCs) that are characterized by the ability to take up and process antigens and prime T cell responses. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells that have been shown to have immunomodulatory abilities, including inhibition of DC maturation and function in vivo and in vitro; however, the(More)
Multiple myeloma (MM) is characterized by a profound genomic instability of potential prognostic relevance. Loss of chromosome 13, observed in almost half of patients, negatively affects prognosis. MiR-15a, miR16-1 and miR-17-92 cluster, located on 13q, play important roles in the regulation of cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. Therefore,(More)
Many studies have shown that microglia in the activated state may be neurotoxic. It has been proven that uncontrolled or over-activated microglia play an important role in many neurodegenerative disorders. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) have been shown in many animal models to have a therapeutic effect on neural damage. Such a(More)
The melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae Coquillett, is a species of fruit flies of significant agricultural interest. Of supposed Indian origin, the melon fly is now widely distributed throughout South East Asia up to China, while it has been recently eradicated from Japan. The population structure of seven geographic populations from coastal China, as well as(More)
The fluorescent dye, PKH26, which mainly binds to the cell membrane, has been used as the cell tracer to locate the transplanted cells in host for a long time. However, there was no detailed report that whether the PKH26 dye was specific to the transplanted cells. Therefore, the aim of this article is to explore the effect of cells debris as the cracking(More)
Glioma stem cells (GSCs) are thought to be critical for resistance to radiotherapy and chemotherapy and for tumor recurrence after surgery in glioma patients. Identification of new therapeutic strategies that can target GSCs may thus be critical for improving patient survival. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that function as tumor suppressors(More)