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Major and profound changes have taken place in China over the past 30 years. Rapid socioeconomic progress has exerted a great impact on lifestyle, ranging from food, clothing, working and living conditions, and means of transportation to leisure activities and entertainment. At the same time, new health problems have emerged, and health services are facing(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS The rates for endoscopic detection of pancreas divisum at routine endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) vary worldwide, and the sample sizes in the reported studies on endoscopy and surgery for pancreas divisum are very small and variable. The aim of this study was to systematically analyze the pooled data and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Evidence-based data to guide the management of status epilepticus (SE) after failure of primary treatment are still scarce and the alternate needs to be found when phenytoin (PHT) is not available or contraindicated. Comparison of intravenous (IV) valproate (VPA) and diazepam (DZP) infusion has not been conducted in adults with SE.(More)
OBJECTIVE Rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) plays crucial roles in central cardiovascular regulation. Salusin-β is a multifunctional bioactive peptide and is expressed in the brain and various peripheral tissues. The present study was designed to identify the expression of salusin-β in the RVLM, and to determine its roles and mechanisms in regulating(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effect of different concentrations of aristolochic acid I (AAI) in inducing apoptosis of cultured porcine renal cell line LLC-PK1 and to investigate the relationship between intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca++]i) and LLC-PK1 apoptosis induced by AAI and the influence of a calcium antagonist, lacidipine on apoptosis and(More)
Recently we showed that the transcription activator AtMYB44 regulates expression of EIN2, a gene essential for ethylene signalling and insect resistance, in Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis). To link the transactivation with insect resistance, we investigated the wild-type and atmyb44 mutant plants, genetically Complemented atmyb44 (Catmyb44) and(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated the effects of various immunosuppressants on chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN) by affecting transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) and Smads signal pathway. METHODS Vascular smooth muscle cells (VMSC) from rat aorta were incubated for 6 or 12 hours with various immunosuppressants. Cyclosporine (CsA) (3 microg/mL),(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Store-operated calcium (SOC) channels are thought to play a critical role in immune responses, inflammatory diseases and chronic pain. The aim of this study was to explore the potential role and mechanisms of SOC channels in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH The CIA mouse model was used to examine the effects(More)
PURPOSE To study the levels of glutamate and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in vitreous of patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) and to investigate their roles in retinal ischemia. METHOD Vitreous samples were collected from 25 patients (27 eyes) with PDR and 14 patients (14 eyes) with idiopathic macular hole. Glutamate and GABA detection(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 10 (SCA10) is an autosomal dominant ataxia caused by an ATTCT repeat expansion in an intron of the SCA10 gene. SCA10 has been reported only in Mexican families, in which the disease showed a combination of cerebellar ataxia and epilepsy. The authors report 28 SCA10 patients from five new Brazilian families. All 28 patients showed(More)