Rumiana Koynova

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LIPIDAT (http://www.lipidat.chemistry.ohio-state.edu) is an Internet accessible, computerized relational database providing access to the wealth of information scattered throughout the literature concerning synthetic and biologically derived polar lipid polymorphic and mesomorphic phase behavior and molecular structures. Here, a review of the data subset(More)
By means of differential scanning calorimetry and from a review of published data we demonstrate in this work that low-molecular weight kosmotropic substances (water-structure makers) of different chemical structure such as disaccharides, proline, and glycerol have identical effects on the phase behavior of several kinds of phospholipids and glycolipids.(More)
By means of x-ray diffraction we show that several sodium salts and the disaccharides sucrose and trehalose strongly accelerate the formation of cubic phases in phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) dispersions upon temperature cycling through the lamellar liquid crystalline-inverted hexagonal (Lalpha-HII) phase transition. Ethylene glycol does not have such an(More)
By using time-resolved X-ray diffraction we demonstrate that low amounts (5-10 mol%) of a phospholipid with two saturated hydrocarbon acyl chains 14 carbon atoms long and PEG550 chain covalently attached to its phosphoethanolamine polar head group, DMPE(PEG550), induce spontaneous formation of a cubic phase with lattice constant 20.5 nm (cubic aspect #8,(More)
LIPIDAT is a computerized database providing access to the wealth of information scattered throughout the literature concerning synthetic and biologically derived polar lipid polymorphic and mesomorphic phase behavior. Herein, we present a review of the LIPIDAT data subset referring to sphingolipids together with an analysis of these data. It includes data(More)
DNA release from lipoplexes is an essential step during lipofection and is probably a result of charge neutralization by cellular anionic lipids. As a model system to test this possibility, fluorescence resonance energy transfer between DNA and lipid covalently labeled with Cy3 and BODIPY, respectively, was used to monitor the release of DNA from lipid(More)
The sonication procedure of preparation of small unilamellar vesicles is modelled as a process of uniform random fragmentation of the lipid aggregates. The vesicle size distribution evolving in this process is shown to be identical with the Weibull extremal probability distribution. Size histograms of sonicated small vesicles of various phospholipid(More)
The role carbohydrate moieties play in determining the structure and energetics of glycolipid model membranes has been investigated by small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering, differential scanning densitometry (DSD), and differential scanning microcalorimetry (DSC). The dependence of a variety of thermodynamic and structural parameters on the(More)
LIPIDAT is a computerized database providing access to the wealth of information scattered throughout the literature concerning synthetic and biologically derived polar lipid polymorphic and mesomorphic phase behavior. Here, a review of the LIPIDAT data subset referring to hydrated phosphatidylethanolamines (PE) is presented together with an analysis of(More)
Several new features of the phase diagram of L-dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC)/palmitic acid mixtures in excess water were established by means of static and time-resolved X-ray diffraction, densitometry and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). At low temperatures, palmitic acid has a biphasic effect on the lamellar subgel phases: at(More)