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Thirteen Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis isolates possessing Lancefield's group A antigen recovered from people in Japan during 2000 to 2004 were genotyped. The results indicate that a conserved clone has persisted and spread within Japan, and two different emm types were observed within members of this clone.
Group G Streptococcus strains isolated from patients with severe invasive infections in the period 2002-2008 were surveyed and their prevalence compared with that observed in the period 1995-2001 in Japan. Strains with genotypes stg485, stg6792, stc36, stg6, and stg652 were isolated in both periods, whereas various new genotypes appeared in 2002-2008 and(More)
We surveyed T serotypes and emm genotypes of Streptococcus pyogenes isolates from streptococcal toxic shock-like syndrome (TSLS) patients. T1 (emm1) remained dominant through 1992 to 2000, but the dominant T3 (emm3.1) strains from 1992 to 1995 disappeared during 1996-2000. Strains of several emm genotypes emerged during 1996-2000, indicating alterations in(More)
We assessed antimicrobial susceptibility against 211 Streptococcus pyogenes strains isolated from patients with severe invasive group A streptococcal infections. Overall, 3.8, 1.4, 1.4, and 0.5% of the isolates were resistant to erythromycin, clindamycin, telithromycin, and ciprofloxacin, respectively, and 10.4% had intermediate resistance to ciprofloxacin.(More)
We present the first reported case of systemic infection with Neisseria meningitidis serogroup W-135 sequence type (ST)-11 in Japan. A 44-year-old woman presented with high fever, sore throat, and fatigue and was diagnosed with N. meningitidis bacteremia. The causative strain was identified as serogroup W-135 ST-11 by polymerase chain reaction and(More)
To investigate clinical and microbiological features of streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (STSS), clinical, epidemiological, and bacteriological data obtained from 250 patients between 1992 and 2001 were analyzed. Among these 250 cases, 16 cases were excluded from the study because the causative microorganism were not Streptococcus pyogenes. 234 strains of(More)
As an epidemiological survey for streptococcal infection, antibiotic sensitivity test and T-serotyping were made on 2,735 strains of group A hemolytic streptococci isolated from clinical specimens and healthy pupils between 1986 through 1988 in Japan. Most dominant serotype in clinical isolates was T-4 (26.8%) and it was followed T-12 (25.5%), T-1 (11.2%)(More)
During the 20-year period between 1979-1998, a total of 4,176 strains of hemolytic streptococci have been isolated from 20,118 healthy primary school children and little children in Tokyo Metropolitan (Tokubetsuku, Tama and Tosho). Culture of throat swabs every November and the following February during the 20-year period were made and serological grouping(More)
DNase B is a major nuclease and a possible virulence factor in Streptococcus pyogenes. The allelic diversity of streptococcal DNase B (sdaB) gene was investigated in 83 strains with 14 emm genotypes. Of the 15 alleles identified, 11 alleles carried only synonymous nucleotide substitutions. On the other hand, 4 alleles had a non-synonymous substitution other(More)