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OBJECTIVES Late treatment with erythropoietin (EPO), as well as the administration before the onset of or during the acute stage of myocardial infarction (MI), has recently been shown to mitigate post-MI heart failure. We investigated the mechanisms, including the downstream signaling pathways, for the beneficial effect of late treatment with EPO on chronic(More)
We investigated the aberrant promoter methylation profile of bladder cancers and correlated the data with clinicopathological findings. The methylation status of 10 genes was determined in 98 surgically resected bladder cancers, and we calculated the median methylation index (MI), a reflection of the methylated fraction of the genes tested. Methylation(More)
BACKGROUND Doxorubicin is a highly effective antineoplastic drug, but its clinical use is limited by its adverse side effects on the heart. We investigated possible protective effects of erythropoietin against doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS Cardiomyopathy was induced in mice by a single intraperitoneal injection of doxorubicin (15(More)
Adenosine, a modulator of neuronal function in the mammalian central nervous system, exerts a neuroprotective effect via the adenosine A(1) receptor; however, its effect on neural stem cells (NSCs) remains unclear. Because adenosine is released in response to pathological conditions and NSCs play a key role in neuroregeneration, we tested the hypothesis(More)
BACKGROUND Fibrosis and progressive failure are prominent pathophysiological features of hearts after myocardial infarction (MI). We examined the effects of inhibiting transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) signaling on post-MI cardiac fibrosis and ventricular remodeling and function. METHODS AND RESULTS MI was induced in mice by left coronary artery(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is implicated in tissue regeneration, angiogenesis, and antiapoptosis. However, its chronic effects are undetermined on postinfarction left ventricular (LV) remodeling and heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS In mice, on day 3 after myocardial infarction (MI), adenovirus encoding human HGF (Ad.CAG-HGF) was injected(More)
BACKGROUND Granulation tissue cells at the subacute stage of myocardial infarction (MI) are eliminated by apoptosis to finally make a scar at the chronic stage. We hypothesized that postinfarct inhibition of apoptosis might preserve myofibroblasts and endothelial cells in granulation and modulate chronic left ventricular (LV) remodeling and heart failure.(More)
The present study examined the relationship between methylation of five genes (p16(INK4a), RASSF1A, APC, RARbeta and CDH13) and patient survival in 351 cases of surgically resected lung cancers. While there was no relationship between the other genes and survival, p16(INK4a) methylation was significantly related to unfavourable prognosis in lung(More)
BACKGROUND Sensitivity to apoptotic signals, the clearance rate of apoptosis, and the apoptotic ultrastructure have not been studied in cells of the in vivo adult heart. METHODS AND RESULTS To minimize the systemic influence, soluble Fas ligand was injected directly into in vivo rat hearts and livers (as the control) at concentrations of 0, 0.5, 2, and 5(More)
BACKGROUND The nucleus of the myocytes in human hypertrophic hearts is characterized by its bizarre shape and widespread clumping of chromatin. The functional significance has not been determined. METHODS AND RESULTS Left ventricular (LV) endomyocardial biopsies obtained from patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM, n=23), postmyocarditis (n=13),(More)