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OBJECTIVES Late treatment with erythropoietin (EPO), as well as the administration before the onset of or during the acute stage of myocardial infarction (MI), has recently been shown to mitigate post-MI heart failure. We investigated the mechanisms, including the downstream signaling pathways, for the beneficial effect of late treatment with EPO on chronic(More)
BACKGROUND Doxorubicin is a highly effective antineoplastic drug, but its clinical use is limited by its adverse side effects on the heart. We investigated possible protective effects of erythropoietin against doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS Cardiomyopathy was induced in mice by a single intraperitoneal injection of doxorubicin (15(More)
BACKGROUND Fibrosis and progressive failure are prominent pathophysiological features of hearts after myocardial infarction (MI). We examined the effects of inhibiting transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) signaling on post-MI cardiac fibrosis and ventricular remodeling and function. METHODS AND RESULTS MI was induced in mice by left coronary artery(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) reportedly exerts beneficial effects on the heart following myocardial infarction and during nonischemic cardiomyopathy, but the precise mechanisms underlying the latter have not been well elucidated. We generated nonischemic cardiomyopathy in mice by injecting them with doxorubicin (15 mg/kg ip). Two weeks later, when cardiac(More)
Activation of Wnt signaling has been implicated in gastric tumorigenesis, although mutations in APC (adenomatous polyposis coli), CTNNB1 (beta-catenin) and AXIN are seen much less frequently in gastric cancer (GC) than in colorectal cancer. In the present study, we investigated the relationship between activation of Wnt signaling and changes in the(More)
The purposes of the present study were to define precisely the ultrastructural features of apoptosis in cultured cardiomyocytes and to determine whether DNA fragmentation is essential for the apoptotic morphology. When cultured neonatal murine cardiomyocytes were incubated with an agonistic anti-Fas antibody in the presence of a non-toxic amount of(More)
Dihydropyridine Ca channel blockers are widely prescribed for the treatment of hypertension and coronary artery diseases, but it remains unknown whether these agents protect against arrhythmias. We investigated whether cilnidipine, an N+L-type Ca channel blocker, reduces the incidences of ventricular premature beats (VPBs) and, if so, via what mechanisms.(More)
In myocardial infarction (MI), granulation tissue cells disappear via apoptosis to complete a final scarring with scanty cells. Blockade of this apoptosis was reported to improve post-MI ventricular remodeling and heart failure. However, the molecular biological mechanisms for the apoptosis are unknown. Fas and Fas ligand were overexpressed in the(More)
BACKGROUND Sensitivity to apoptotic signals, the clearance rate of apoptosis, and the apoptotic ultrastructure have not been studied in cells of the in vivo adult heart. METHODS AND RESULTS To minimize the systemic influence, soluble Fas ligand was injected directly into in vivo rat hearts and livers (as the control) at concentrations of 0, 0.5, 2, and 5(More)
Numerous cardiomyocytes were found to show autophagic vacuolar degeneration in the UM-X7.1 hamster model of human dilated cardiomyopathy, and autophagy-related proteins--i.e., ubiquitin, cathepsin D and Rab7--were upregulated in those hearts. Importantly, Evans blue-positive cardiomyocytes with leaky plasma membranes were also positive for cathepsin D,(More)