Rumi Maruyama

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OBJECTIVES Late treatment with erythropoietin (EPO), as well as the administration before the onset of or during the acute stage of myocardial infarction (MI), has recently been shown to mitigate post-MI heart failure. We investigated the mechanisms, including the downstream signaling pathways, for the beneficial effect of late treatment with EPO on chronic(More)
BACKGROUND Doxorubicin is a highly effective antineoplastic drug, but its clinical use is limited by its adverse side effects on the heart. We investigated possible protective effects of erythropoietin against doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS Cardiomyopathy was induced in mice by a single intraperitoneal injection of doxorubicin (15(More)
BACKGROUND Fibrosis and progressive failure are prominent pathophysiological features of hearts after myocardial infarction (MI). We examined the effects of inhibiting transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) signaling on post-MI cardiac fibrosis and ventricular remodeling and function. METHODS AND RESULTS MI was induced in mice by left coronary artery(More)
Chronic heart failure remains a leading cause of mortality. Although granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is reported to have a beneficial affect on postinfarction cardiac remodeling and dysfunction when administered before the onset of or at the acute stage of myocardial infarction (MI), its effect on established heart failure is unknown. We show(More)
The small leucine-rich proteoglycan decorin is a natural inhibitor of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) and exerts antifibrotic effects in heart and to stimulate skeletal muscle regeneration. We investigated decorin's chronic effects on postinfarction cardiac remodeling and dysfunction. Myocardial infarction (MI) was induced in mice by left(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is implicated in tissue regeneration, angiogenesis, and antiapoptosis. However, its chronic effects are undetermined on postinfarction left ventricular (LV) remodeling and heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS In mice, on day 3 after myocardial infarction (MI), adenovirus encoding human HGF (Ad.CAG-HGF) was injected(More)
AIMS Active autophagy has recently been reported in doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity; here we investigated its pathophysiological role. METHODS AND RESULTS Acute cardiotoxicity was induced in green fluorescent protein-microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (GFP-LC3) transgenic mice by administering two intraperitoneal injections of 10 mg/kg(More)
In UM-X7.1 hamster model of human dilated cardiomyopathy, heart failure progressively develops and causes 50% mortality by 30 weeks of age. Through ultrastructural analysis, we found that many cardiomyocytes of this model contain typical autophagic vacuoles including degraded mitochondria, glycogen granules, and myelin-like figures. In addition, ubiquitin,(More)
BACKGROUND Sensitivity to apoptotic signals, the clearance rate of apoptosis, and the apoptotic ultrastructure have not been studied in cells of the in vivo adult heart. METHODS AND RESULTS To minimize the systemic influence, soluble Fas ligand was injected directly into in vivo rat hearts and livers (as the control) at concentrations of 0, 0.5, 2, and 5(More)
Although beneficial effects of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) have been demonstrated on post-myocardia infarction (MI) process, the mechanisms and feasibility are not fully agreed yet. We investigated effects of a long-term treatment with a low-dose G-CSF started 1 day after the onset of MI, on post-infarction process. One day after being(More)