Rul von Stülpnagel

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0022-1031/$ see front matter 2009 Elsevier Inc. A doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2009.06.008 * Corresponding author. Address: Institut für Ps Universität Jena, Am Steiger 3, Haus 1, D-07743 Jena, 112. E-mail addresses: (I.D. E (M.C. Steffens). 1 The debate whether implicit and explicit attitudes yet been settled. When we use the term(More)
Landmarks are an essential part of human navigation. In most situations, landmarks used for navigation are available in the environment. However, landmarks can also be set up deliberately to facilitate future orientation. The question how such navigator-driven and individual landmark placement affects spatial learning and what strategies are used has rarely(More)
Previous research on landmark selection and route learning derivedmany of its conclusions from the analysis of memory tasks and verbal route descriptions. We examined the extent to which these findings are reflected in gaze behavior. Wearing a mobile eye tracking device, participants learned the first part of a real-world route incidentally and the second(More)
We conducted a visibility graph analysis (a Space Syntax method) of a virtual environment to examine how the configurational salience of global and local landmarks (i.e., their relative positions in the environment) as compared to their visual salience affects the probability of their depiction on sketch maps. Participants of two experimental conditions(More)
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