Rukhsana Gul

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Several common degenerative mechanisms and mediators underlying the neuronal injury pathways characterize several neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and Huntington's disease, as well as brain neurotrauma. Such common ground invites the emergence of new approaches and tools to study the altered pathways involved in neural injury(More)
ADP-ribosyl cyclase (ADPR-cyclase) produces a Ca(2+)-mobilizing second messenger cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) from NAD(+). In this study, we investigated the molecular basis of ADPR-cyclase activation and the following cellular events in angiotensin II (ANG II) signaling in mouse mesangial cells (MMCs). Treatment of MMCs with ANG II induced an increase in(More)
Angiotensin II contributes to myocardial tissue remodeling and interstitial fibrosis through NADPH oxidase-mediated generation of oxidative stress in the progression of heart failure. Recent data have suggested that nebivolol, a third-generation β-blocker, improves diastolic dysfunction by targeting nitric oxide (NO) and metabolic pathways that decrease(More)
Cardiac insulin resistance is a metabolic and functional disorder that is often associated with obesity and/or the cardiorenal metabolic syndrome (CRS), and this disorder may be accentuated by chronic alcohol consumption. In conditions of over-nutrition, increased insulin (INS) and angiotensin II (Ang II) activate mammalian target for rapamycin (mTOR)/p70(More)
OBJECTIVE Resistance to obesity is observed in rodents and humans treated with rapamycin (Rap) or nebivolol (Neb). Because cardiac miR-208a promotes obesity, this study tested whether the modes of actions of Rap and Neb involve inhibition of miR-208a. METHODS Mouse cardiomyocyte HL-1 cells and Zucker obese (ZO) rats were used to investigate regulation of(More)
Doxorubicin (Dox) is a highly effective anticancer drug but exhibits cumulative dose-dependent cardiomyopathy. In this study, we investigated effects of Magnolia seed extract (MagS) on the Dox-induced cardiotoxicity. The results showed that MagS significantly reduces doxorubicin (Dox)-induced increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i),(More)
BACKGROUND: Unlike conventional β-blockers, nebivolol, a third-generation β-adrenergic receptor blocker with vasodilator properties, promotes insulin sensitivity. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine whether nebivolol regulates overnutrition-induced activation of cardiac nutrient sensor kinases and inflammatory signaling. METHODS: Young(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and Ca(2+) signals are closely associated with the pathogenesis of cardiac hypertrophy. However, the cause and effect of the two signals in cardiac hypertrophy remain to be clarified. We extend our recent report by investigating a potential interaction between ROS and Ca(2+) signals utilizing in vitro and in vivo angiotensin II(More)
AIMS Here, we report the discovery of a small molecule inhibitor, 2,2'-dihydroxyazobenzene (DAB), of ADP ribosyl cyclase (ADPR-cyclase) and showed that this inhibitor attenuated angiotensin (Ang) II-induced hypertrophic responses. METHODS and results The intracellular concentration of free Ca(2+) [Ca(2+)](i) in adult rat cardiomyocytes was measured by(More)
Nebivolol, a third generation β-adrenoceptor (β-AR) antagonist (β-blocker), causes vasodilation by inducing nitric oxide (NO) production. The mechanism via which nebivolol induces NO production remains unknown, resulting in the genesis of much of the controversy regarding the pharmacological action of nebivolol. Carvedilol is another β-blocker that induces(More)