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ADP-ribosyl cyclase (ADPR-cyclase) produces a Ca(2+)-mobilizing second messenger cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) from NAD(+). In this study, we investigated the molecular basis of ADPR-cyclase activation and the following cellular events in angiotensin II (ANG II) signaling in mouse mesangial cells (MMCs). Treatment of MMCs with ANG II induced an increase in(More)
Nebivolol, a third generation β-adrenoceptor (β-AR) antagonist (β-blocker), causes vasodilation by inducing nitric oxide (NO) production. The mechanism via which nebivolol induces NO production remains unknown, resulting in the genesis of much of the controversy regarding the pharmacological action of nebivolol. Carvedilol is another β-blocker that induces(More)
BACKGROUND: Unlike conventional β-blockers, nebivolol, a third-generation β-adrenergic receptor blocker with vasodilator properties, promotes insulin sensitivity. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine whether nebivolol regulates overnutrition-induced activation of cardiac nutrient sensor kinases and inflammatory signaling. METHODS: Young(More)
ADP-ribosyl cyclase (ADPR-cyclase) produces a Ca(2+)-mobilizing second messenger, cADP-ribose (cADPR), from NAD(+). In this study, we investigated the molecular basis of ADPR-cyclase activation in the ANG II signaling pathway and cellular responses in adult rat cardiomyocytes. The results showed that ANG II generated biphasic intracellular Ca(2+)(More)
AIMS Here, we report the discovery of a small molecule inhibitor, 2,2'-dihydroxyazobenzene (DAB), of ADP ribosyl cyclase (ADPR-cyclase) and showed that this inhibitor attenuated angiotensin (Ang) II-induced hypertrophic responses. METHODS and results The intracellular concentration of free Ca(2+) [Ca(2+)](i) in adult rat cardiomyocytes was measured by(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and Ca(2+) signals are closely associated with the pathogenesis of cardiac hypertrophy. However, the cause and effect of the two signals in cardiac hypertrophy remain to be clarified. We extend our recent report by investigating a potential interaction between ROS and Ca(2+) signals utilizing in vitro and in vivo angiotensin II(More)
OBJECTIVE Resistance to obesity is observed in rodents and humans treated with rapamycin (Rap) or nebivolol (Neb). Because cardiac miR-208a promotes obesity, this study tested whether the modes of actions of Rap and Neb involve inhibition of miR-208a. METHODS Mouse cardiomyocyte HL-1 cells and Zucker obese (ZO) rats were used to investigate regulation of(More)
Doxorubicin (Dox) is a highly effective anticancer drug but exhibits cumulative dose-dependent cardiomyopathy. In this study, we investigated effects of Magnolia seed extract (MagS) on the Dox-induced cardiotoxicity. The results showed that MagS significantly reduces doxorubicin (Dox)-induced increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i),(More)
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an independent risk factor for heart disease and its underlying mechanisms are unclear. Increased expression of diabetic marker miR-29 family miRNAs (miR-29a, b and c) that suppress the pro-survival protein Myeloid Cell Leukemia 1(MCL-1) is reported in pancreatic β-cells in Type 1 DM. Whether an up-regulation of miR-29 family(More)
In conditions of overnutrition, cardiac cells must cope with a multitude of extracellular signals generated by changes in nutrient load (glucose, amino acids, and lipids) and the hormonal milieu [increased insulin (INS), ANG II, and adverse cytokine/adipokine profile]. Herein, we review the diverse compensatory/adaptive mechanisms that counter the(More)