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Recent studies done on healthy older individuals have demonstrated elevated taste thresholds for sweet, sour, and salty taste. At suprathreshold levels, such individuals have also shown less ability to discriminate between different intensities of the same tastant. This study was designed to provide information on swallow timing and muscle contraction(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Research investigating the relationship between subjective and objective assessment of dysphagia in patients with various diagnoses has yielded conflicting results. The goal of this study is to investigate the reliability of patient self-perceptions of swallowing difficulties compared to expert ratings of videofluorographic studies(More)
BACKGROUND Past research has suggested that medical diagnosis and trach cuff conditions may contribute to swallow physiology changes in patients with tracheostomy. This study attempts to investigate the differences in swallow physiology between patients with trach cuff-inflated and trach cuff-deflated conditions with respect to four medical diagnostic(More)
Surface electromyography (EMG) has been used successfully in teaching patients swallow maneuvers in clinical settings. The present study aims to determine if surface EMG can reliably demonstrate differences in muscle activity between the normal swallow and the Mendelsohn maneuver and whether there is a close temporal relationship between submental muscles(More)
BACKGROUND Studies have recognized that the damage in the subcortical and supratentorial regions may affect voluntary and involuntary aspects of the swallowing function. The current study attempted to explore the dysphagia characteristics in patients with subcortical and supratentorial stroke. METHODS Twelve post first or second subcortical and(More)
The Editor, Dr. Reza Shaker, and Associate Editors: Peter Belafsky, Pere Clave, Kulwinder Dua, Caryn Easterling, Olle Ekberg, Prakash Gyawali, Sudarshan Jadcherla, Susan Langmore, Bonnie Martin-Harris, Rosemary Martino, Benson Massey, John Pandolfino, Clarence Sasaki, Renee Speyer, Catriona Steele and Aniko Szabo, would like to acknowledge the valuable(More)
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