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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Only few randomized trials or comparative studies with large number of patients have been reported on the outcomes of thoracoscopic and laparoscopic esophagectomy (TLE) with cervical anastomosis and open 3-field esophagectomy (OE) for patients with esophageal cancer. The objective of this study is to compare the safety,(More)
–The evolution of a dynamic walking gait of biped robot is presented in this paper. The gait is generated for a biped robot to walk on flat ground and climb up stairs. For the trajectory based gait generation, various parameters satisfy ZMP criterion and can realize continuous walking. The evolutionary algorithm is used to choose the parameter combinations.(More)
This paper describes an integrated quasi‐ autonomous four‐limbed robot, named Capuchin, which is equipped with appropriate sensing, planning and control capabilities to " free‐climb " vertical terrain. Unlike aid climbing that takes advantage of special tools and/or engineered terrain features, free climbing only relies on friction at the contacts between(More)
–This paper presents the research work on a small size humanoid robot: RoboSapien. The objective of this project is to build a platform for the study of dynamic walking and the artificial intelligence tools. In all, the robot has 17 degrees of freedom and each joint is driven by a DC servo motor. Two DSPs are utilized in the control system. In this paper,(More)
Despite the successes in capturing continuous distributions, the application of generative ad-versarial networks (GANs) to discrete settings, like natural language tasks, is rather restricted. The fundamental reason is the difficulty of back-propagation through discrete random variables combined with the inherent instability of the GAN training objective.(More)
INTRODUCTION The most efficient treatment of such anastomotic leaks after esophagectomy remains controversial. Our objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of perianastomotic drains in anastomotic leaks. METHODS Five patients with intrathoracic anastomotic leaks had placement of perianastomotic drains through remanet esophagus and fitula into infected(More)
Double-lumen endotracheal tube (DLET) anaesthesia is the commonly used method in minimally invasive oesophagectomy (MIE). However, DLET intubation does have its disadvantages. Firstly, the placement of the DLET needs a skilled anaesthetist with familiarity of the technique and subsequent ability to perform a fibre-optic bronchoscopy for confirmation.(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the correlation between the concentration of plasma cell free DNA (cfDNA) of patients with lung cancer or esophageal cancer and clinical features, and to assess the coincidence rate of the EGFR/KRAS mutations between the cfDNA and tumor tissue DNA. METHODS A total of 30 cases lung cancer and esophageal cancer (including 15 lung(More)