Ruixiang Li

Learn More
BACKGROUND Gangliosides are immunosuppressive cell surface molecules that are often present in high concentrations in and shed actively by tumor cells. These molecules inhibit the antitumor immune response that is implicated in tumor rejection. We therefore determined the ability of tumor cells pharmacologically depleted of gangliosides to form tumors in(More)
MEB4 murine melanoma cells synthesize G(M3) as the major ganglioside. Inhibition of G(M3) synthesis by a specific glucosylceramide synthase inhibitor resulted in reduced tumorigenicity and metastatic potential of these cells. We used a molecular approach--antisense transfection targeting the glucosylceramide synthase gene--to regulate glycosphingolipid(More)
To establish a model system for the study of ganglioside metabolism of the human brain tumor, medulloblastoma, we have chemically characterized the gangliosides of the Daoy cell line. These cells contain a high concentration of gangliosides (143 +/- 13 nmol LBSA/10(8) cells). The major species have been structurally confirmed to be GM2 (65.9%), GM3 (13.0%),(More)
Tumor gangliosides are highly immunosuppressive membrane glycosphingolipids that are shed into the tumor cell microenvironment. We directly tested the impact of shed gangliosides on the in vivo antitumor immune response in a syngeneic fully autochthonous system (FBL-3 erythroleukemia cells, C57BL/6 mice, and highly purified FBL-3 cell gangliosides). The(More)
Gangliosides which are shed by tumor cells clearly inhibit cellular immune responses in vitro. However, the immunosuppressive activity of these molecules have been more difficult to ascertain in vivo. Here we have adapted a murine model to determine the effects of tumor gangliosides in an in vivo microenvironment, the lymph node draining the site of(More)
The PC12 rat pheochromocytoma cell line is an established model for nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced neurite formation. It has been shown that when gangliosides are added to the culture medium of PC12 cells, NGF-induced neurite formation of PC12 cells is enhanced. To determine the role of endogenous cellular gangliosides themselves in NGF-elicited neurite(More)
Cellular differentiation is often associated with striking changes in ganglioside metabolism. Because retinoic acid causes cellular differentiation in vitro, we have characterized its effect on ganglioside synthesis and shedding by LAN-5 human neuroblastoma cells. Three major observations were made: (a) 20 microM retinoic acid caused a marked (twofold)(More)
The single crystal 6H-SiC with [0001] crystal direction irradiated by 400 keV He + ions with 1 × 10 17 ions/cm 2 fluence at 400 • C were annealed at 600, 900, 1200 and 1400 • C for different durations. The evolution of helium bubbles and discs was investigated by transmission electron microscopy. An irradiated layer distributed with fine helium bubbles was(More)