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Skeletonema costatum and Prorocentrum dentatum are the two common HAB species in East China Sea, and Prorocentrum is more responsible for most HAB events in Spring since late 90's. The HAB caused by Skeletonema usually occurs from June to August. However, these two species will not bloom at the same time. Two mesocosm experiments were conducted in East(More)
MEB4 murine melanoma cells synthesize G(M3) as the major ganglioside. Inhibition of G(M3) synthesis by a specific glucosylceramide synthase inhibitor resulted in reduced tumorigenicity and metastatic potential of these cells. We used a molecular approach--antisense transfection targeting the glucosylceramide synthase gene--to regulate glycosphingolipid(More)
Gangliosides are shed by tumor cells and can bind to normal cells in the tumor microenvironment and affect their function. Exposure of fibroblasts to exogenous gangliosides increases epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced fibroblast proliferation and enhances EGF receptor (EGFR)-mediated activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathway(More)
Although several strategies have been applied for oral insulin delivery to improve insulin bioavailability, little success has been achieved. To overcome multiple barriers to oral insulin absorption simultaneously, insulin-loaded N-trimethyl chitosan chloride (TMC)-coated polylactide-co-glycoside (PLGA) nanoparticles (Ins TMC-PLGA NPs) were formulated in(More)
Shedding of neuroblastoma gangliosides is positively correlated with tumour progression in patients with neuroblastoma. In assessing the biological activity of these ganglioside molecules, we recently found that total human neuroblastoma gangliosides inhibit cellular immune responses. Here, we have studied the major neuroblastoma ganglioside, GD2. GD2 was(More)
  • R Li, A Deng
  • 1990
A key to 1 Japanese and 18 Chinese species of the Pegomya acklandi group, including 1 new species, is given below: 1(4) Apical border of the lateral lobe of 5th sternite with an angular notch. 2(3) Hairs on the basal part of surstylus rather thick and numerous; inner side of the twig of surstylus with a tubercle; apex of postgonite hook-like. ... Pegomya(More)
Although significant progress has been achieved, effective oral delivery of protein drugs such as insulin by nanoparticle-based carrier systems still faces certain formidable challenges. Considerable amount of protein drug is released from the nanoparticles (NPs) in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Because of their low permeability through the intestinal(More)
Chemotherapy outcomes for the treatment of glioma remain unsatisfied due to the inefficient drug transport across BBB/BBTB and poor drug accumulation in the tumor site. Nanocarriers functionalized with different targeting ligands are considered as one of the most promising alternatives. However, few studies were reported to compare the targeting efficiency(More)
A catalyst composed of [Pd(η(3)-C3H5)Cl]2 and N,N,N',N'-tetra(diphenylphosphinomethyl)pyridine-2,6-diamine (L) was found to be effective for one-pot synthesis of 2-substituted benzo[b]furans from 2-halophenols and alkynes. For 2-bromo-3-hydroxypyridine, the catalyst loading could be as low as 1 ppm and the turnover number (TON) was up to 870,000.