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In many inventory control contexts, inventory levels are only partially (i.e., not fully) observed. This may be due to non-observation of demand, spoilage, misplacement, or theft of inventory. We study a discrete-time periodic-review inventory system where the unmet demand is backordered. When inventory level is nonnegative, the inventory manager does not(More)
W e study a firm’s optimal transshipment problem considering the impacts of setup costs for transshipment and demand distribution shapes. We assume that the demand follows a three-point distribution, which changes from a degenerate distribution, to a unimodal distribution, and to a bimodal distribution as the demand shape parameter increases. We find that(More)
Growth process information and molecular structure identification are very important for characterization of self-assembled films. Here, we explore the possible application of desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (DESI-MS) that provides the assembled information of rhodamine B (Rh B) and rhodamine 123 (Rh 123) films. With the help of(More)
Ag nanoparticles (NPs) were fabricated using N,N-Dimethyl formamide (DMF) as a solvent and reducing agent together with polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) through a solvothermal method. The position of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) band of as-prepared Ag NPs changed with the chain length of PVP and red shifted with increasing the molecular weight of PVP. The(More)