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PGC-1α has been implicated as an important mediator of functional capacity of skeletal muscle. However, the role of PGC-1α in myoblast differentiation remains unexplored. In the present study, we observed a significant up-regulation of PGC-1α expression during the differentiation of murine C2C12 myoblast. To understand the biological significance of PGC-1α(More)
Tris (1, 3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TDCIPP), an extensively used organophosphorus flame retardant, is frequently detected in the environment and biota. Recent studies have shown that TDCIPP has neurotoxic effects. We hypothesized that the neurotoxicity might occur via the induction of the apoptosis and autophagy pathways. In the present study, we(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Circadian locomotor output cycles protein kaput (CLOCK) plays a key role in maintaining circadian rhythms and activation of downstream elements. However, its function on human female reproductive system remains unknown. METHODS To investigate the potential role of CLOCK, CLOCK-shRNAs were transfected into mouse 129 ES cells or injected(More)
In this paper, we propose a new approach for cross-layer electromigration (EM) induced reliability modeling and optimization at physics, system and datacenter levels. We consider a recently proposed physics-based electromigration (EM) reliability model to predict the EM reliability of full-chip power grid networks for long-term failures. We show how the new(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate gene expression by fully or partially binding to complementary sequences and play important roles in skeletal muscle development. However, the roles of miRNAs in the skeletal muscle of Schizothorax prenanti remain unknown. In this study, we analyzed the miRNA profiling in the skeletal muscle of S. prenanti at 30 days(More)
Tris (1, 3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TDCIPP, also known as TDCPP), an extensively used flame retardant, is frequently detected in the environment and biota. Recent studies have shown that TDCIPP has neurotoxic effects. In this study, we determined the mechanisms of TDCIPP-induced neurotoxicity in human neuroblastoma (SH-SY5Y) cells. By using(More)
Exposure and toxicity to organophosphate-based flame retardants are an increasing health concern. Neurons appear to be particularly vulnerable to the effects of these chemicals. For example, in vitro studies have shown that tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TDCIPP) induces apoptosis and autophagy in neural cells. In the present study, we investigated(More)
Allograft Inflammatory Factor-1 (AIF-1) is an inflammation responsive protein that is mainly produced by immunocytes. As a pro-inflammatory cytokine, AIF-1 is a key moderator in host immune defense reaction. However, the inflammatory properties of AIF-1 in freshwater fish still hasn't been clearly elucidated. In the present study, AIF-1 was identified from(More)
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