Ruiliang Bai

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Water self-diffusion coefficients and longitudinal relaxation rates in sodium polyacrylate solutions and gels were measured by NMR, as a function of polymer content and structure in a physiological concentration range of monovalent and divalent cations, Ca(2+) and Na(+). Several physical models describing the self-diffusion of the solvent were applied and(More)
Measurement of the T2 distribution in tissues provides biologically relevant information about normal and abnormal microstructure and organization. Typically, the T2 distribution is obtained by fitting the magnitude MR images acquired by a multi-echo MRI pulse sequence using an inverse Laplace transform (ILT) algorithm. It is well known that the ideal(More)
We present an algorithm to solve the two-dimensional Fredholm integral of the first kind with tensor product structure from a limited number of measurements, with the goal of using this method to speed up nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. This is done by incorporating compressive sensing–type arguments to fill in missing measurements, using a priori(More)
Potential applications of 2D relaxation spectrum NMR and MRI to characterize complex water dynamics (e.g., compartmental exchange) in biology and other disciplines have increased in recent years. However, the large amount of data and long MR acquisition times required for conventional 2D MR relaxometry limits its applicability for in vivo preclinical and(More)
Multimodal imaging strategies integrating manifold images have improved our ability to diagnose, to guide therapy, and to predict outcomes. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is among the most widely used imaging technique in the clinic and can enable multiparameter anatomical demonstration of diagnosis. Due to the inherent black-and-white production of MR(More)
Integration of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and other imaging modalities is promising to furnish complementary information for accurate cancer diagnosis and imaging-guided therapy. However, most gadolinium (Gd)-chelator MR contrast agents are limited by their relatively low relaxivity and high risk of released-Gd-ions-associated toxicity. Herein, a(More)
Functional MRI (fMRI) is widely used to study brain function in the neurosciences. Unfortunately, conventional fMRI only indirectly assesses neuronal activity via hemodynamic coupling. Diffusion fMRI was proposed as a more direct and accurate fMRI method to detect neuronal activity, yet confirmative findings have proven difficult to obtain. Given that the(More)
Purpose: Evans Blue (EB) is an azo dye that binds quantitatively with serum albumin. With an albumin binding, NOTA conjugated truncated Evan's blue (NEB) dye derived PET tracer, we aimed to establish a strategy for evaluating vascular permeability in malignant tumors via non-invasive PET. Experimental design: Sixty-minute dynamic PET using [18F]FAl-NEB was(More)
The clearance of nanoparticles (NPs) by mononuclear phagocyte system (MPS) from blood leads to high liver and spleen uptake and negatively impacts their tumor delivery efficiency. Here we systematically evaluated the in vitro and in vivo nanobio interactions of a two-dimensional (2D) model, gold (Au) nanorings, which were compared with Au nanospheres and Au(More)
Previously, we showed that compressive or compressed sensing (CS) can be used to reduce significantly the data required to obtain 2D-NMR relaxation and diffusion spectra when they are sparse or well localized. In some cases, an order of magnitude fewer uniformly sampled data were required to reconstruct 2D-MR spectra of comparable quality. Nonetheless, this(More)