Ruikang Tang

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Under near-physiological pH, temperature, and ionic strength, a kinetics constant composition (CC) method was used to examine the roles of phosphorylation of a 14 amino acid segment (DDVDDTDDSHQSDE) corresponding to potential crystal binding domains within the osteopontin (OPN) sequence. The phosphorylated 14-mer OPN peptide segment significantly inhibits(More)
Nano-hydroxyapatite (nano-HAP) may be a better candidate for an apatite substitute of bone in biomedical applications than micro-sized hydroxyapatite (m-HAP). However, size control is always difficult when synthesizing well-defined nano-HAP particles. In this study, nano-HAP particles with diameters of approximately 20nm (np20) and approximately 80nm (np80)(More)
The purpose of this study was to induce a biomimetic remineralization process by using glutaraldehyde (GA) to reconstruct the mechanical properties and biostability of demineralized collagen. Demineralized dentin disks (35% phosphoric acid, 10s) were pretreated with a 5% GA solution for 3min and then cultivated in a calcium phosphate remineralization(More)
The development of vaccines against infectious diseases represents one of the most important contributions to medical science. However, vaccine-preventable diseases still cause millions of deaths each year due to the thermal instability and poor efficacy of vaccines. Using the human enterovirus type 71 vaccine strain as a model, we suggest a combined,(More)
Many animals such as crustacean periodically undergo cyclic molt of the exoskeleton. During this process, amorphous calcium mineral phases are biologically stabilized by magnesium and are reserved for the subsequent rapid formation of new shell tissue. However, it is a mystery how living organisms can regulate the transition of the precursor phases(More)
Characterization of the dissolution kinetics of individual synthetic and biological calcium phosphates is of considerable importance since these phases often coexist in biological minerals. The constant composition method has been used to study the dissolution kinetics of a series of synthetic calcium phosphates, brushite (DCPD), beta-tricalcium phosphate(More)
Osteosarcoma is a primary malignant bone tumor, most prevalent in children and adolescents, and is usually highly aggressive and eventually lethal. Despite multimodal therapies, there is no effective approach to treat this malignant disease. In this study, we observed the biological response of osteosarcoma cells to two kinds of hydroxyapatite nanoparticles(More)
The process from the amorphous calcium phosphate phase to the hydroxyapatite (HAP) crystalline phase has been captured in a simulated physiological fluid by combining in situ extinction detection and ex situ electronic microscopy. The results reveal the secret of the phase transformation and orientation controls during the initial stage of mineral formation.
The regulation mechanism of organic additives on the crystallization of inorganic crystal is fundamentally important in biomineralization. Experimentally, it was found that the amino acids glycine (Gly) and glutamic acid (Glu) could lead to the formation of rod- and plate-like hydroxyapatite (HAP) crystallites, respectively. The detailed adsorption behavior(More)
As the outermost layer, enamel is susceptible to caries due to the products of bacteria metabolism or acidic foods. [ 4 ] It is critically serious that the enamel damage is permanent. [ 4 ] Different form the synthesized apatite phase, enamel is uniquely composed of highly elongated and organized apatite rods and bundles. During enamel generation, the(More)