Ruiguang Song

Learn More
OBJECTIVE To estimate HIV incidence in the United States using a newly developed method. METHODS The analysis period (2002-2011) was broken down into 3-year periods with overlaps, and HIV incidence was estimated based on the relationship between number of new diagnoses and HIV incidence in each of these 3-year periods, by assuming that all HIV infections(More)
CONTEXT Incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the United States has not been directly measured. New assays that differentiate recent vs long-standing HIV infections allow improved estimation of HIV incidence. OBJECTIVE To estimate HIV incidence in the United States. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS Remnant diagnostic serum specimens from(More)
In the United States, an estimated 1.2 million persons are living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a serious infection that, if untreated, leads to illness and premature death. Persons living with HIV who use antiretroviral therapy (ART) and achieve very low levels of the virus (suppressed viral load) can have a nearly normal life expectancy and(More)
Persons unaware of their human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection contribute nearly one third of ongoing transmission in the United States. Among the estimated 1.2 million persons living with HIV in the United States in 2011, 14% had undiagnosed infections. To accelerate progress toward reducing undiagnosed HIV infection, CDC and its partners have(More)
The development of an human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) test that detects recent infection has enabled the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to estimate annual HIV incidence (number of new infections per year, not per person at risk) in the United States from data on new HIV and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) diagnoses(More)
INTRODUCTION We estimate life expectancy and average years of life lost (AYLL) after an HIV diagnosis using population-based surveillance data from 25 states that have had name-based HIV surveillance since 1996. METHODS We used US national HIV surveillance data (cases > or = 13 years old) to model life expectancy after an HIV diagnosis using the life(More)
Although the percentage of overall AIDS diagnoses remains low among Asian and Pacific Islanders (APIs) in the United States compared with other racial/ethnic groups, research on API risk behaviors and health status suggest that the low number of AIDS cases may not provide a full picture of the epidemic and issues faced by this understudied and underserved(More)
PURPOSE To estimate relative survival (RS) after human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) diagnosis, by race/ethnicity and county-level socioeconomic status (SES). METHODS We estimated 5-year RS by age, race/ethnicity, transmission category, sex, diagnosis year, CD4 count, and by county-level SES variables from the U.S. Census. Data, from the national HIV/AIDS(More)
HIV testing efforts increased in recent years to reduce the percentage of persons with HIV unaware of their infection and to detect HIV early. An analysis of CD4 data from national HIV surveillance indicates that diagnosis delays decreased during 2003-2011; on average, persons diagnosed in 2011 had been infected 5.6 years before their diagnosis compared(More)
The combination of unique single nucleotide polymorphisms in the CCR5 regulatory and in the CCR2 and CCR5 coding regions, defined nine CCR5 human haplogroups (HH): HHA-HHE, HHF*1, HHF*2, HHG*1, and HHG*2. Here we examined the distribution of CCR5 HH and their association with HIV infection and disease progression in 36 HIV-seronegative and 76(More)