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BACKGROUND Depression of peripheral blood cells is a well-known indicator of benzene hematotoxicity. Previous studies of its effects on specific types of blood cells have yielded inconsistent results. We examine hematological findings and their possible relations with exposure markers validated in a recent biomarker project conducted in Tianjin, China. (More)
OBJECTIVES We carried out a detailed exposure assessment of benzene and toluene in two shoe factories in Tianjin, China. Our goal was to identify workers with a broad range of benzene exposures, for an epidemiologic study relating exposure to early biologic effects. METHODS A comprehensive exposure survey program was initiated. Over a period of 16 months,(More)
Benzene is an important industrial chemical and environmental contaminant that causes leukemia. To obtain mechanistic insight into benzene's mechanism of action, we examined the impact of benzene on the human serum proteome in a study of exposed healthy shoe-factory workers and unexposed controls. Two sequential studies were performed, each using sera from(More)
BACKGROUND The present study was conducted among Chinese workers employed in glue- and shoe-making factories who had an average daily personal benzene exposure of 31+/-26 ppm (mean+/-SD). The metabolites monitored were S-phenylmercapturic acid (S-PMA), trans, trans-muconic acid (t,t-MA), hydroquinone (HQ), catechol (CAT), 1,2, 4-trihydroxybenzene (benzene(More)
Albumin adducts of benzene oxide (BO-Alb) and 1,4-benzoquinone (1,4-BQ-Alb) were investigated among 134 workers exposed to benzene and 51 unexposed controls in Tianjin, China. Concentrations of both adducts increased with benzene exposure [range = 0.07-46.6 parts/million (ppm); median = 3.55 ppm] and with urinary cotinine. Adduct levels were less than(More)
This study was conducted to validate biomarkers for early detection of benzene exposure and effect in 2 phases. The main purpose of phase 1 was to determine whether these biomarkers could reliably detect differences between workers with high exposure levels and unexposed subjects, which is the minimal screening criterion for a biomarker assay. Phase 2 of(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoreactive T cell mediated autoimmune disease. Immunization with inactivated autoreactive T cells may induce idiotype anti-idiotypic reaction to deplete specific subsets of autoreactive T cells involved in SLE. Six SLE patients unsuitable or refused to use immunosuppressants were treated with T cell vaccination.(More)
This report is part of an extensive biomarker study conducted in a Chinese occupational population with benzene exposures ranging from 0.06 to 122 ppm (median exposure of 3.2 ppm). All urinary benzene metabolites measured in this study were significantly elevated after exposure to benzene at or above 5 ppm. Among these metabolites, however, only(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of thyroid diseases in Chinese systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and the relevance of subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) with lupus nephritis (LN). A large cohort of 1006 SLE patients was retrospectively analyzed. The prevalence of autoimmune thyroid disease was 2.78%, clinical hypothyroidism(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this paper is to clarify the demographic, clinical and serologic characteristics of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) overlap syndrome, known as 'rhupus syndrome'. METHODS Between 1995 and 2012, 51 patients were classified as having rhupus among 3733 consecutive SLE patients. Rhupus was defined as(More)