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Four new polyphenols, loddigesiinols G-J (compounds 1-4) and a known compound, crepidatuol B (5), were isolated from the stems of Dendrobium loddigesii that have long been used in Traditional Chinese Medicine and have recently been used to treat type 2 diabetes. Compounds 1-5 structures were elucidated based on spectroscopic analysis. The absolute(More)
The different coordination modes and fast ligand exchange of zinc coordination has been suggested to be one key catalytic feature of the zinc ion which makes it an invaluable metal in biological catalysis. However, partly due to the well known difficulties for zinc to be characterized by spectroscopy methods, evidence for dynamic nature of the catalytic(More)
High-performance computing (HPC) has become a state strategic technology in a number of countries. One hypothesis is that HPC can accelerate biopharmaceutical innovation. Our experimental data demonstrate that HPC can significantly accelerate biopharmaceutical innovation by employing molecular dynamics-based virtual screening (MDVS). Without using HPC, MDVS(More)
Zinc-dependent histone deacetylase 8 (HDAC8) catalyzes the removal of acetyl moieties from histone tails, and is critically involved in regulating chromatin structure and gene expression. The detailed knowledge of its catalytic process is of high importance since it has been established as a most promising target for the development of new antitumor drugs.(More)
Phosphoglucose isomerase (PGI), which catalyzes the reversible interconversion of glucose 6-phosphate (G6P) and fructose 6-phosphate (F6P), is represented by two evolutionarily distinct protein families. One is a conventional type in eubacteria, eukaryotes, and a few archaea, where the active sites contain no metal ions and reactions proceed via the(More)
The combined density functional quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical (QM/MM) approach has been used to investigate methyl-transfer reactions catalyzed by the N(5)-glutamine S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM)-dependent methyltransferase (HemK) and the coenzyme-modified HemK with the replacement of SAM by a nitrogen analogue. Calculations reveal that the(More)
It is of significant biological interest and medical importance to develop class- and isoform-selective histone deacetylase (HDAC) modulators. The impact of the linker component on HDAC inhibition specificity has been revealed but is not understood. Using Born-Oppenheimer ab initio QM/MM MD simulations, a state-of-the-art approach to simulating(More)
Discovery of the isoform-selective histone deacetylases (HDACs) inhibitors is of great medical importance and still a challenge. The comparison studies on the structure-function relationship of the conserved residues, which are located in the linker binding channel among class I HDACs (including 4 isoforms: HDAC1/2/3/8), have been carried out by using ab(More)
A simple 4-aniline boron-dipyrromethene (BODIPY) dye (1) was developed as a highly sensitive acidic pH fluorescent probe excitable with visible light based on a photoinduced electron transfer (PeT) mechanism. The pH titration indicates that the fluorescence intensity increases more than 500-fold within the pH range of 4.12-1.42 with a pKa value of 3.24 in(More)
Sugar-base C(1')-N(1) and phosphate-sugar C(5')-O(5') bond breakings of 2'-deoxycytidine-5'-monophosphates (dCMP) and 2'-deoxythymidine-5'- monophosphates (dTMP) and their radical anions have been explored theoretically at the B3LYP/DZP++ level of theory. Calculations show that the low-energy electrons attachment to the pyrimidine nucleotides results in(More)