Rui-wei Guo

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The activation of Ca2+ entry through store-operated channels by agonists that deplete Ca2+ from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a ubiquitous signaling mechanism, the molecular basis of which has remained elusive for the past two decades. Store-operated Ca2+-release-activated Ca2+ (CRAC) channels constitute the sole pathway for Ca2+ entry following(More)
Angiotensin II (AngII) is widely recognized as a critical regulator of the development of atherosclerosis. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are thought to participate in plaque destabilization through degradation of the extracellular matrix. In the present study, we investigated the potential mechanism of AngII-induced MMP-9 expression in vascular smooth(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) is the main active peptide of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), producing a number of inflammatory mediators that lead to endothelial dysfunction and the progression of atherosclerosis. Ang II-induced NF-kappaB nuclear translocation plays a pivotal role in this response. This study examines the NF-kappaB activation mechanism(More)
Macrophage apoptosis is a prominent feature of advanced atherosclerotic plaques. Here, we examined the hypothesis that the apoptotic machinery is regulated by microRNA-155 (miR-155). Constitutive expression of miR-155 was detected in RAW264.7 cells, which was increased following stimulation with oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL) in a dose- and(More)
Endothelial dysfunction is associated with cardiovascular diseases. The Ca(2+) influx occurring via activation of plasmalemma Ca(2+) channels was shown to be critical in signaling the increase in endothelial permeability in response to a variety of permeability-increasing mediators. It has been reported that angiotensin II (AngII) could induce Ca(2+)(More)
BACKGROUND Stress-induced cardiomyopathy (SIC) has gained increasing attention worldwide and is characterized by extensive ventricular akinesis, Beta-blockers and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) are the main treatments for SIC patients. The pharmacological mechanism of action of beta-blockers results in the inhibition of the biological(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies on atherosclerosis showed that an inducer of MMPs, EMMPRIN, is highly expressed in human atheromas. This suggested the important role of EMMPRIN in the stability of atherosclerotic plaques. Angiotensin II, one of the main functional peptides in the renin-angiotensin system, is involved in the advancement of atherosclerosis. We(More)
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