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The quantitative modeling of gene transcription and translation requires a treatment of two key features: stochastic fluctuations due to the limited copy numbers of key molecules (genes, RNA polymerases, ribosomes), and delayed output due to the time required for biopolymer synthesis. Recently proposed algorithms allow for efficient simulations of such(More)
Dmrt1 (doublesex and mab-3 related transcription factor 1) is a conserved transcriptional regulator of male differentiation required for testicular development in vertebrates. Here, we show that in mice of the 129Sv strain, loss of Dmrt1 causes a high incidence of teratomas, whereas these tumors do not form in Dmrt1 mutant C57BL/6J mice. Conditional gene(More)
We study a stochastic model of transcription kinetics in order to characterize the distributions of transcriptional delay and of elongation rates. Transcriptional delay is the time which elapses between the binding of RNA polymerase to a promoter sequence and its dissociation from the DNA template strand with consequent release of the transcript.(More)
Interleukin 18 (IL-18) is a pro-atherogenic cytokine associated with the occurrence of various cardiac complications. The IL-18 gene has a functional -137 G/C polymorphism (rs187238) in the promoter region. Using the ligase detection reaction-polymerase chain reaction, we genotyped a cohort of patients in Chinese Han population in Xiangfan region. Case(More)
The aim of this study is to assess the molecular foundation of anti-tumor activity of SGP-2 in osteosarcoma cells. SGP-2 significantly blocks cell proliferation in human osteosarcoma U2OS cell model and inhibits tumor growth without causing apparent toxicity effect in mouse sarcoma S-180 cell-derived tumor model. Moreover, SGP-2 induces intrinsic apoptosis(More)
OBJECTIVE Experimental data demonstrate that inflammation plays an important role in the initiation, progression, and complications of atherosclerosis. Statins were shown to downregulate inflammatory cytokines.We conducted this study to investigate the effects of fluvastatin therapy on plasma interleukin-18 (IL-18) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) concentration(More)
Inactivation of the dead-end (Dnd1) gene in the Ter mouse strain results in depletion of primordial germ cells (PGCs) so that mice become sterile. However, on the 129 mouse strain background, loss of Dnd1 also increases testicular germ cell tumor incidence in parallel to PGC depletion. We report that inactivation of Dnd1 also affects embryonic viability in(More)
Increasing epidemiological studies have shown that a rapid temperature change within 1 day is an independent risk factor for human health. This paper aimed to systematically review the epidemiological evidence on the relationship between diurnal temperature range (DTR) and human health and to propose future research directions. A literature search was(More)
Testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT) originate from germ cells. The 129-Ter and M19 (129.MOLF-Chr19 consomic) mouse strains have extremely high incidences of TGCTs. We found that the expression levels of Sf1-encoded splicing factor 1 (SF1) can modulate the incidence of TGCTs. We generated mice with inactivated Sf1. Sf1 null mice (Sf1-/-) died before birth.(More)
BACKGROUND Spine fractures are common. The treatment of traumatic fractures of the thoracic and lumbar spine remains controversial but surgery involving pedicle screw fixation has become a popular option. OBJECTIVES To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of pedicle screw fixation for traumatic fractures of the thoracic and lumbar spine. SEARCH(More)