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The quantitative modeling of gene transcription and translation requires a treatment of two key features: stochastic fluctuations due to the limited copy numbers of key molecules (genes, RNA polymerases, ribosomes), and delayed output due to the time required for biopolymer synthesis. Recently proposed algorithms allow for efficient simulations of such(More)
We study a stochastic model of transcription kinetics in order to characterize the distributions of transcriptional delay and of elongation rates. Transcriptional delay is the time which elapses between the binding of RNA polymerase to a promoter sequence and its dissociation from the DNA template strand with consequent release of the transcript.(More)
The aim of this study is to assess the molecular foundation of anti-tumor activity of SGP-2 in osteosarcoma cells. SGP-2 significantly blocks cell proliferation in human osteosarcoma U2OS cell model and inhibits tumor growth without causing apparent toxicity effect in mouse sarcoma S-180 cell-derived tumor model. Moreover, SGP-2 induces intrinsic apoptosis(More)
Polymeric synthetic mimics of antimicrobial peptides (SMAMPs) have recently demonstrated similar antimicrobial activity as natural antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) from innate immunity. This is surprising, since polymeric SMAMPs are heterogeneous in terms of chemical structure (random sequence) and conformation (random coil), in contrast to defined amino acid(More)
We study methods for reducing chemical master equations using the Michaelis-Menten mechanism as an example. The master equation consists of a set of linear ordinary differential equations whose variables are probabilities that the realizable states exist. For a master equation with s(0) initial substrate molecules and e(0) initial enzyme molecules, the(More)
Various natural polysaccharides are capable of activating the immune system and therefore can be employed as biological response modifiers in anti-tumor therapy. We previously found a homogenous polysaccharide from the mycelium of marine fungus Phoma herbarum YS4108, named YCP, exhibiting strong in vivo antitumor ability via enhancement of the host immune(More)
This paper reports an e-pen-whiteboard application helping to improve classroom teaching. It enables teaching in a manner mimicking the traditional chalk-blackboard, which has been widely preferred by teachers and proved to be the best scheme to transfer knowledge and ideas in classroom teaching. The paper presents major techniques, main functions and data(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 (HIV-1) replication requires the interaction of Tat protein with the human cyclinT1 (hCyclinT1) subunit of the positive transcription elongation factor (P-TEFb) complex, which then cooperatively binds to transactivation response element (TAR) RNA to transactivate HIV transcription. In this report, a non-immune human(More)
Our previous studies have demonstrated that cyclosporin A (CsA) promotes the proliferation and migration of human trophoblasts via the mitgen-activated protein kinase-3/1 (MAPK3/1) pathway. In the present study, we further investigated the role of nuclear factor (NF)-κB in the CsA-induced trophoblast proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression and(More)
Ovine pulmonary carcinoma (OPC) is a contagious lung cancer of sheep that is presumed to be caused by an exogenous retrovirus of sheep, jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus (JSRV). The sheep genome carries 15 to 20 copies of endogenous sheep retrovirus (ESRV) loci that hybridize to JSRV DNA probes. In order to clarity the etiologic roles of ESRV and an exogenous(More)