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Rheum officinale Baill., an important but endangered medicinal herb, is endemic to China. Inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers were employed to investigate the genetic diversity and differentiation of 12 populations of R. officinale. Thirteen selected primers yielded 189 bright and discernible bands, with an average of 14.54 per primer. The genetic(More)
The only evidence-based behavioral treatment for anxiety and stress-related disorders involves desensitization techniques that rely on principles of extinction learning. However, 40% of patients do not respond to this treatment. Efforts have focused on individual differences in treatment response, but have not examined when, during development, such(More)
AIMS Both Rheum palmatum and R. tanguticum are important but endangered medicinal plants endemic to China. In this study, we aimed to (i) investigate the level and pattern of genetic variability within/among populations of those species; (ii) evaluate genetic differentiation between both species and its relationships and ascertain whether both species are(More)
Relatively little is known about neurobiological changes attributable to early-life stressors (e.g., orphanage rearing), even though they have been associated with a heightened risk for later psychopathology. Human neuroimaging and animal studies provide complementary insights into the neural basis of problem behaviors following stress, but too often are(More)
Avian reovirus (ARV) is an important cause of disease in poultry. Although ARV is known to induce apoptosis in infected cells, the interaction between ARV and its target cells requires further elucidation. In this report, we show that the ARV isolate strain GX/2010/1 induces autophagy in both Vero and primary chicken embryonic fibroblast (CEF) cells based(More)
It has been reported that lysosomal proteases play important roles in ischemic and excitotoxic neuronal cell death. We have previously reported that cathepsin B expression increased remarkably after traumatic brain injury (TBI). The present study sought to investigate the effects of a selective cathepsin B inhibitor (CBI)(More)
BACKGROUND It has been proved that chronic administration and pre-treatment with atorvastatin could protect brain tissue against ischemic injury. However, little is known regarding the effect of atorvastatin in the acute phase of ischemic stroke. This study investigated the potential neuroprotective effects of atorvastatin and underlying mechanisms in vivo.(More)
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been proved to serve as a critical role in cancer development and progression. However, little is known about the pathological role of lncRNA metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) in pancreatic cancer patients. The aims of this study are to measure the expression of lncRNA MALAT1 in pancreatic(More)
Inflammatory damage and oxidative stress play an important role in cerebral ischemic pathogenesis and may represent a target for treatment. Baicalein, isolated from the traditional Chinese herbal medicine Huangqin, is an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent on one hand and a lipoxygenase inhibitor on the other hand. However, little is known regarding the(More)
The Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) odv-e56 gene is a late gene and encodes an occlusion-derived virus (ODV)-specific envelope protein, ODV-E56. To determine its role in the BmNPV life cycle, an odv-e56 null virus, BmE56D, was constructed through homologous recombination. A repaired virus was also constructed, named BmE56DR. The production of(More)