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Data analysis plays an indispensable role for understanding various phenomena. Cluster analysis, primitive exploration with little or no prior knowledge, consists of research developed across a wide variety of communities. The diversity, on one hand, equips us with many tools. On the other hand, the profusion of options causes confusion. We survey(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as a class of regulators of gene expression through posttranscriptional degradation or translational repression in living cells. Increasing evidence points to the important relationship between miRNAs and environmental stress responses, but the regulatory mechanisms in plants are poorly understood. Here, we found that(More)
In the last decade, recurrent neural networks (RNNs) have attracted more efforts in inferring genetic regulatory networks (GRNs), using time series gene expression data from microarray experiments. This is critically important for revealing fundamental cellular processes, investigating gene functions, and understanding their relations. However, RNNs are(More)
Transmission electron microscopy is a powerful imaging tool that has found broad application in materials science, nanoscience and biology. With the introduction of aberration-corrected electron lenses, both the spatial resolution and the image quality in transmission electron microscopy have been significantly improved and resolution below 0.5 ångströms(More)
The p38 MAPK signaling pathway plays a pivotal role in inflammation. Targeting p38 MAPK may be a potential strategy for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. In the present study, we show that a novel chromone derivative, DCO-6, significantly reduced lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced production of nitric oxide, IL-1β and IL-6, decreased the levels of iNOS,(More)
Let H 1 and H 2 be two subgraphs of a graph G. We say that G is the 2-sum of H 1 and H 2 , denoted by A triangle-path in a graph G is a sequence of distinct triangles T 1 T 2 · · · T m in G such that for 1 i m − 1, |E(T i) ∩ E(T i+1)| = 1 and E(T i) ∩ E(T j) = ∅ if j > i + 1. A connected graph G is triangularly connected if for any two edges e and e , which(More)