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Enhanced echo intensity (EI) on an ultrasound image of skeletal muscle indicates changes in muscle quality, including increases in intramuscular fibrous and adipose tissues. However, it is not known whether muscle quality assessed from the EI of computer-aided gray-scale analysis of an ultrasound image is associated with the muscle strength or body(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to evaluate the effect of stepping exercises in addition to conventional physical therapy on the recovery of muscle strength and walking speed after total hip arthroplasty. DESIGN This was a retrospective study with 6 wks of follow-up care and evaluation. Patients (n = 30) undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty for hip(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about hip joint stiffness during walking (dynamic joint stiffness) and the effect of hip impairments on biomechanical alterations of other joints in patients with total hip arthroplasty. METHODS Twenty-four patients (mean age 61.7 years) who underwent unilateral (n=12) or bilateral total hip arthroplasty (n=12) and healthy(More)
The objective of this study was to compare muscle mass and composition between individuals with and without hip osteoarthritis. Twenty-four women with hip osteoarthritis (OA group) and 16 healthy women (healthy group) participated in this study. Muscle thickness (MT) and echo intensity (EI) were measured as indices of muscle mass and composition,(More)
AIM The aims of this study were to investigate the influence of age on muscle stiffness and to examine the relationships among muscle stiffness, muscle thickness, subcutaneous fat thickness, muscle strength and muscle power in elderly women. METHODS The subjects were 16 young (mean age 20.3 years) and 34 elderly (mean age 84.2 years) women. Muscle(More)
Residual hip impairments, such as decreased hip muscle moment and power during walking, have been reported in patients with total hip arthroplasty (THA). Meanwhile, greater ankle power has also been reported in these patients. We investigated the interaction between hip and ankle joints during walking to determine the effects of different ankle pushoff(More)
OBJECTIVE The lumbar multifidus muscle (LMF) is a lower back muscle that contributes to spinal stability. Several electromyographic analyses have evaluated LMF activity during various types of training. The present study examined the activity of the back muscles during quadruped upper and lower extremity lifts (QULELs) with different lifting direction and(More)
OBJECTIVE Quantitative changes, such as a decrease in muscle mass, and qualitative changes, such as an increase in the amount of intramuscular non-contractile tissue, occur with aging. However, it is unclear whether quantitative or qualitative changes in back muscles are associated with spinal alignment in the standing position. We investigated the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of high-velocity resistance training on muscle function, muscle properties, and physical performance in patients with hip osteoarthritis by comparison with those of low-velocity resistance training. DESIGN Single-blind randomized controlled trial. SETTING Home-based exercise programmes. SUBJECTS A total of 46 women(More)
Hip and lumbar spine disorders often coexist in patients with total hip arthroplasty (THA). The current study aimed to reveal pelvic motion pathology and altered trunk and hip muscle recruitment patterns relating to pelvic motion in patients with THA. Twenty-one women who underwent THA and 12 age-matched healthy women were recruited. Pelvic kinematics and(More)