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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of polymorphisms in DNA repair genes as genetic indicators of susceptibility to familial and sporadic breast cancer. We analysed DNA samples from 285 breast cancer patients and 442 control subjects, for XRCC1 Arg399Gln, XPD Lys751Gln, RAD51 G135C and XRCC3 Thr241Met polymorphisms using PCR-RFLP. We observed(More)
TP53 is one of major tumour suppressor genes being essential in preservation of genome integrity. Two very common polymorphisms have been demonstrated to contribute to cancer susceptibility and tumour behaviour. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of Arg72Pro and PIN3 Ins16bp polymorphisms in TP53 gene as genetic susceptibility and predictive(More)
Human papillomavirus (HPV) plays a major role in the etiology of cervical cancer. However, a complex correlation between viral and cellular genes is necessary for cell cycle control deregulation in the progression to invasive cervical cancer (ICC). Cyclin D1 (CCND1) is an important positive regulator of the G1/S phase of the cell cycle. The CCND1 gene is(More)
BACKGROUND Leptin has been consistently associated with angiogenesis and tumoral growth. A G/A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at the -2548 site in leptin gene (LEP) is associated with overexpression of leptin (A-allele). METHODS We evaluated DNA samples from 268 (536 alleles) unrelated individuals, 118 healthy controls (HCs) and 150 prostate cancer(More)
OBJECTIVE Invasive cervical cancer (ICC) is one of the most common malignant diseases among women, representing almost 10% of all the cancers in the female population. The aim of this study was to explore the association of the CCR2-64I polymorphism with the risk of developing invasive cervical cancer (ICC) from squamous intraepithelial lesions (SILs). (More)
AIM To investigate the relationship between the -765G > C COX-2 polymorphism and the development of different gastric lesions: atrophy or intestinal metaplasia and gastric adenocarcinoma. METHODS A cross-sectional study was performed involving 320 Portuguese individuals (210 without evidence of neoplastic disease, 73 patients with gastric adenocarcinomas(More)
BACKGROUND Glutathione S-transferase (GST) metabolic enzymes may be involved in the development of human cancer. Genetic polymorphisms have been reported in GSTM1, GSTM3, and GSTT1 with functional alterations and influencing cancer risk. METHODS We analyzed DNA samples from 335 (670 alleles) unrelated individuals, 185 community control subjects, and 150(More)
The human polyomaviruses--BKV and JCV--are members of Polyomaviridae family and after primary infections they persist as latent infection especially in the kidneys. BKV reactivation is mainly related to urinary tract diseases and JCV reactivation can induce the disease progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. The aim of our study was to characterize the(More)
Genital Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) infections have been identified as a major health problem concern. CT is associated with adverse effect on women reproduction and also associated with cervical hypertrophy and induction of squamous metaplasia, providing a possible relationship with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Infection by high-risk HPV types is(More)
Leptin hormone and receptor have been associated to cancer development and were identified in lung tissue. In this study, a functional polymorphism in the 5' flanking region of the leptin gene (LEP -2548 G/A) was found to increase susceptibility for non-small cell lung cancer [odds ratio (OR), 1.97; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.13-3.43]. Age-adjusted(More)