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OBJECTIVE Invasive cervical cancer (ICC) is one of the most common malignant diseases among women, representing almost 10% of all the cancers in the female population. The aim of this study was to explore the association of the CCR2-64I polymorphism with the risk of developing invasive cervical cancer (ICC) from squamous intraepithelial lesions (SILs). (More)
BACKGROUND Nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) is multifactorial, and the genetic background may be a crucial etiologic factor. Cyclin D1 (CCND1) is a key regulator of the cell cycle, and its altered activity is associated with the development of cancer. METHODS We analyzed the A870G CCND1 polymorphism by polymerase chain reaction/restriction fragment length(More)
TP53 and its downstream effector gene P21 are two important genes in cell cycle regulation. Genetic alterations on p53 and attenuation of p21 expression result in progression through cell cycle G1 checkpoint, which can lead to cancer development. We analysed the frequency of TP53 codon 72 and 3'UTR P21 polymorphisms in 681 blood samples from 371 cervical(More)
BACKGROUND The glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are a group of multifunctional enzymes that catalyze the conjugation of glutathione with a variety of electrophilic compounds, including cytotoxic agents. A significant percentage of normal individuals exhibit genetic polymorphism with a homozygous deletion (null genotype) of the genes, leading to absence of(More)
  • Sandra Costa, Daniela Pinto, +4 authors Fernando Schmitt
  • 2008
BACKGROUND TP53 is one of major tumour suppressor genes being essential in preservation of genome integrity. Two very common polymorphisms have been demonstrated to contribute to cancer susceptibility and tumour behaviour. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of Arg72Pro and PIN3 Ins16bp polymorphisms in TP53 gene as genetic susceptibility and(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of polymorphisms in DNA repair genes as genetic indicators of susceptibility to familial and sporadic breast cancer. We analysed DNA samples from 285 breast cancer patients and 442 control subjects, for XRCC1 Arg399Gln, XPD Lys751Gln, RAD51 G135C and XRCC3 Thr241Met polymorphisms using PCR-RFLP. We observed(More)
Worldwide, approximately 1.3 billion individuals are current smokers, and smoking is the second major cause of death. Currently, lung cancer is the most common type of cancer in Europe, and the third in the U.S. Until now, cytotoxic chemotherapy has had a limited impact on survival in metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The central role of(More)
TS is critical for providing the requisite nucleotide precursors in order to maintain DNA synthesis and repair. Furthermore, it is an important target for several drugs such as 5-fluorouracil and methotrexate. However, several mechanisms of resistance to TS inhibitors have been explained as linked to TYMS overexpression. Some authors have described the(More)
INTRODUCTION Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers diagnosed in women worldwide. Mammalian cells are constantly exposed to a wide variety of genotoxic agents from both endogenous and exogenous sources. The RAD51 protein is required for meiotic and mitotic recombination and plays a central role in homology-dependent recombinational repair of(More)
The endothelial cell-specific form of nitric oxide synthases (ecNOS) is localized at 7q35-q36 and is involved in vascular development and tumour growth in human prostate cancer. We have conducted a case-control study to investigate the prevalence of two polymorphisms at intron 4 (ecNOS4a/b) and exon 7 (Glu-Asp298) of ecNOS gene in 125 prostate cancer (PCa)(More)