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BACKGROUND TP53 is one of major tumour suppressor genes being essential in preservation of genome integrity. Two very common polymorphisms have been demonstrated to contribute to cancer susceptibility and tumour behaviour. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of Arg72Pro and PIN3 Ins16bp polymorphisms in TP53 gene as genetic susceptibility and(More)
Laboratories are increasingly requested to perform CYP2C19 genetic testing when managing clopidogrel therapy, especially in patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. To ensure high quality molecular testing and ascertain that the referring clinician has the correct information for CYP2C19 genotype-directed(More)
Tamoxifen is used to prevent and treat estrogen-dependent breast cancer. It is described as a prodrug since most of its antiestrogen effects are exerted through its hydroxylated metabolites 4-OH-tamoxifen and endoxifen. In prior work, we correlated optimal plasma levels of these metabolites with certain genotypes of CYP2D6 and SULT1A2. This descriptive(More)
Presently, neurodegenerative diseases and cancer are the most clinically problematic age-related diseases worldwide. Although being distinct disorders, their developments share common cellular mechanisms. Oncogenesis and neurodegeneration arise from the deregulation of signaling pathways, as a consequence of the resulting imbalance in cellular homeostasis.(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is associated with prostate cancer aggressiveness and mortality. The contribution of periprostatic adipose tissue, which is often infiltrated by malignant cells, to cancer progression is largely unknown. Thus, this study aimed to determine if periprostatic adipose tissue is linked with aggressive tumor biology in prostate cancer. (More)
The mechanisms involved in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) development and progression remain unclear, and new biomarkers for early detection, follow-up of the disease and prognosis are needed in routine practice to improve the diagnostic and/or prognostic accuracy. There is increasing evidence that microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in cancer development and(More)
Thymidylate synthase (TYMS) has three polymorphisms that may modulate thymidylate synthase (TS) expression levels: (1) 28 base pairs (bp) variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) (rs34743033); (2) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) C>G at the twelfth nucleotide of the second repeat of 3R allele (rs2853542); and (3) 6 bp sequence deletion (1494del6,(More)
BACKGROUND Periprostatic (PP) adipose tissue surrounds the prostate, an organ with a high predisposition to become malignant. Frequently, growing prostatic tumor cells extend beyond the prostatic organ towards this fat depot. This study aimed to determine the genome-wide expression of genes in PP adipose tissue in obesity/overweight (OB/OW) and prostate(More)
BACKGROUND Therapeutic outcome of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients treated with methotrexate (MTX) can be modulated by thymidylate synthase (TS) levels, which may be altered by genetic polymorphisms in TS gene (TYMS). This study aims to elucidate the influence of TYMS polymorphisms in MTX therapeutic outcome (regarding both clinical response and toxicity)(More)
Prostate cancer (PC) is the more frequently diagnosed neoplasia in men in developed countries. The evolution of PC to castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) represents real problems of clinical management, in consequence to the limited therapeutic options. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that play an important role in gene expression and(More)