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BACKGROUND TP53 is one of major tumour suppressor genes being essential in preservation of genome integrity. Two very common polymorphisms have been demonstrated to contribute to cancer susceptibility and tumour behaviour. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of Arg72Pro and PIN3 Ins16bp polymorphisms in TP53 gene as genetic susceptibility and(More)
Laboratories are increasingly requested to perform CYP2C19 genetic testing when managing clopidogrel therapy, especially in patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. To ensure high quality molecular testing and ascertain that the referring clinician has the correct information for CYP2C19 genotype-directed(More)
Tamoxifen is used to prevent and treat estrogen-dependent breast cancer. It is described as a prodrug since most of its antiestrogen effects are exerted through its hydroxylated metabolites 4-OH-tamoxifen and endoxifen. In prior work, we correlated optimal plasma levels of these metabolites with certain genotypes of CYP2D6 and SULT1A2. This descriptive(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is associated with prostate cancer aggressiveness and mortality. The contribution of periprostatic adipose tissue, which is often infiltrated by malignant cells, to cancer progression is largely unknown. Thus, this study aimed to determine if periprostatic adipose tissue is linked with aggressive tumor biology in prostate cancer. (More)
Presently, neurodegenerative diseases and cancer are the most clinically problematic age-related diseases worldwide. Although being distinct disorders, their developments share common cellular mechanisms. Oncogenesis and neurodegeneration arise from the deregulation of signaling pathways, as a consequence of the resulting imbalance in cellular homeostasis.(More)
The mechanisms involved in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) development and progression remain unclear, and new biomarkers for early detection, follow-up of the disease and prognosis are needed in routine practice to improve the diagnostic and/or prognostic accuracy. There is increasing evidence that microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in cancer development and(More)
BACKGROUND Therapeutic outcome of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients treated with methotrexate (MTX) can be modulated by thymidylate synthase (TS) levels, which may be altered by genetic polymorphisms in TS gene (TYMS). This study aims to elucidate the influence of TYMS polymorphisms in MTX therapeutic outcome (regarding both clinical response and toxicity)(More)
We aimed to characterize miR-125b and miR-34a expression in 114 women with different cervical lesions: normal epithelium with (n = 20) and without (n = 29) HPV infection; LSIL (n = 28); HSIL (n = 29); and ICC (n = 8). miRNA expression analysis was performed by comparing the distinct groups with the reference group (women with normal epithelium without HPV).(More)
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) has been associated with immunological defects, chronic inflammatory and autoimmune conditions. Given the link between immune dysfunction and NHL, genetic variants in toll-like receptors (TLRs) have been regarded as potential predictive factors of susceptibility to NHL. Adequate anti-tumoral responses are known to depend on TLR9(More)
Thymidylate synthase (TYMS) has three polymorphisms that may modulate thymidylate synthase (TS) expression levels: (1) 28 base pairs (bp) variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) (rs34743033); (2) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) C>G at the twelfth nucleotide of the second repeat of 3R allele (rs2853542); and (3) 6 bp sequence deletion (1494del6,(More)