Rui M. Barbosa

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1. Glucose-induced insulin release from single islets of Langerhans is pulsatile. We have investigated the correlation between changes in cytosolic free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) and oscillatory insulin secretion from single mouse islets, in particular examining the basis for differences in secretory responses to intermediate and high glucose(More)
We have assessed the relative contribution of Ca2+ entry and Ca2+ release from internal stores to the [Ca2+]i transients evoked by purinergic receptor activation in bovine adrenal chromaffin cells. The [Ca2+]i was recorded from single cells using ratiometric fura-2 microfluorometry. Two discrete groups of ATP-sensitive cells could be distinguished on the(More)
The development of new therapeutic approaches, combining efficacy and safety against intestinal inflammation, notably inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), has emerged as an important goal due to the significant side effects and the lack of effectiveness of standard current therapies. Recently, several studies described the health-promoting effects of red wine,(More)
Glutamate is the major excitatory amino acid of the mammalian brain but can be toxic to neurones if its extracellular levels are not tightly controlled. Astrocytes have a key role in the protection of neurones from glutamate toxicity, through regulation of extracellular glutamate levels via glutamate transporters and metabolic and antioxidant support. In(More)
Nitric oxide (*NO) production in response to stimulation of the NMDA glutamate receptor is implicated not only in the synaptic plasticity in hippocampus but may also participate in excitotoxic cell death. Using *NO-selective microssensors inserted into the diffusional field of *NO in acute hippocampal slices, we describe the *NO concentration dynamics(More)
During the last two decades nitric oxide (.NO) gas has emerged as a novel and ubiquitous intercellular modulator of cell functions. In the brain, .NO is implicated in mechanisms of synaptic plasticity but it is also involved in cell death pathways underlying several neurological diseases. Because of its hydrophobicity, small size, and rapid diffusion(More)
Nitrite may be a source for nitric oxide (*NO), particularly in highly acidic environments, such as the stomach. Diet products contribute also with reductants that dramatically increase the production of *NO from nitrite. Red wine has been attributed health promoting properties largely on basis of the reductive antioxidant properties of its polyphenolic(More)
Nitric oxide (*NO) is a ubiquitous signaling molecule that participates in the neuromolecular phenomena associated with memory formation. In the hippocampus, neuronal *NO production is coupled to the activation of the NMDA-type of glutamate receptor. Although *NO-mediated signaling has been associated with soluble guanylate cyclase activation, cytochrome(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a diffusible intercellular messenger, acting via volume signaling in the brain and, therefore, the knowledge of its temporal dynamics is determinant to the understanding of its neurobiological role. However, such an analysis in vivo is challenging and indirect or static approaches are mostly used to infer NO bioactivity. In the present(More)
During the last decades nitric oxide ((•)NO) has emerged as a critical physiological signaling molecule in mammalian tissues, notably in the brain. (•)NO may modify the activity of regulatory proteins via direct reaction with the heme moiety, or indirectly, via S-nitrosylation of thiol groups or nitration of tyrosine residues. However, a conceptual(More)