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In 204 patients with smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis HLA-A10, B8 and DR2 were more frequently found than in 404 control subjects (p = 0.01); the greatest attributable risk (0.29) was associated with HLA-DR2. The radiographic extent of disease was also associated with HLA-DR2 (p = 0.0001). In 152 patients with smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis, the(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of our study was to find out if bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) would be better than gastric lavage for the isolation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from pediatric patients with suspected pulmonary tuberculosis. DESIGN 50 children with suspected pulmonary tuberculosis at a mean age of 5.1 years (range 7 months to 12 years) were studied.(More)
In 1981, non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) were obtained from 8.6% of 16 907 sputum specimens in a trial in the Chingleput district of Madras state to test the efficacy of BCG vaccination in the prevention of tuberculosis, but from only 0.6% of 672 autoclaved specimens cultured as part of a quality control procedure. This finding suggested that the NTM(More)
Forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in one second, functional residual capacity, residual volume, total lung capacity, and single breath diffusing capacity measurements (effective alveolar volume, carbon monoxide transfer factor, and transfer coefficient) were measured in 247 young healthy adults (130 male, 117 female) aged 15-40 years living in(More)
To examine the bacteriological profile and the prevalence of drug resistance among patients attending the health facilities where the District Tuberculosis Programme (DTP) was in operation with short-course chemotherapy (SCC) regimens, sputum specimens were collected on admission and the end of treatment in North Arcot district and Pondicherry region. In(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the rate of development of active tuberculosis (TB) in a cohort of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive patients, and to identify the characteristics of these patients. DESIGN A total of 175 HIV-positive individuals were recruited from clinics for sexually transmitted diseases and followed up for 31 +/- 6.8 months. Clinical(More)
SETTING The present study assesses bioavailability indices for rifampicin, isoniazid and pyrazinamide when administered to healthy volunteers separately or in a fixed triple-drug formulation, Rifater 125 SCT. OBJECTIVE To compare the pharmacokinetics of rifampicin, isoniazid and pyrazinamide based on their blood concentrations up to 12 hours with the(More)
Chemotherapy studies were undertaken in 180 patients with tuberculous meningitis. They were treated for 12 months with 1 of 3 regimens: the first consisted of streptomycin, isoniazid and rifampicin daily for the first 2 months, followed by ethambutol plus isoniazid for 10 months; in the second, pyrazinamide was added for the first 2 months, and in the(More)
SETTING Madras, India. OBJECTIVE To explore the utility of a standardized IS6110/PvuII deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) fingerprinting restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) typing method for distinguishing between isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and to assess the potential for distinguishing between relapse versus reinfection rates. DESIGN(More)
Six methods of decontamination each for the isolation of mycobacteria from soil and water were compared. On the basis of the results obtained, three of the six methods for soil and two of the six methods for water were further evaluated. For both soil and water samples, the method using 3% sodium lauryl sulfate in combination with 1% NaOH yielded more(More)