Learn More
Multiple sclerosis is a common disease of the central nervous system in which the interplay between inflammatory and neurodegenerative processes typically results in intermittent neurological disturbance followed by progressive accumulation of disability. Epidemiological studies have shown that genetic factors are primarily responsible for the substantially(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate brain changes after cognitive rehabilitation in patients with clinically stable relapsing-remitting (RR) multiple sclerosis (MS) by using neuropsychologic assessment and structural and functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was conducted with approval of the involved institutional review(More)
Corpus callosum (CC), the largest compact white matter fiber bundle of the human brain involved in interhemispheric transfer, is frequently damaged in the course of multiple sclerosis (MS). Cognitive impairment is one of the factors affecting quality of life of patients with benign MS (BMS). The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between(More)
We compared the global and regional distribution of white matter (WM) and gray matter (GM) damage and T2-visible lesion between patients with benign (B) and relapsing remitting (RR) multiple sclerosis (MS). BMS and RRMS patients did not differ in terms of global volumes and diffusion tensor (DT) MRI metrics of the WM and GM. Compared to controls, BMS and(More)
The disability, cognitive impairment, fatigue and depression are interacting features in multiple sclerosis (MS), whose relation is still unclear. The objective of this study was to evaluate in a sample of MS patients, the frequency of depressive symptoms, its predicting factors and relation with cognitive impairment, fatigue and disability. 255 consecutive(More)
OBJECTIVE We combined structural and functional MRI to better understand the mechanisms responsible for cognitive impairment in pediatric patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS Brain dual-echo, diffusion tensor, 3D T1-weighted, and resting-state (RS) fMRI scans were acquired from 35 consecutive pediatric patients with MS and 16 sex- and(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated whether the efficacy of 12-week cognitive rehabilitation in MS patients persists six months after treatment termination and, together with resting state (RS) functional connectivity (FC), changes on neuropsychological performance at follow-up. METHODS Eighteen MS patients with cognitive deficits, assigned randomly either to(More)
  • Alessandra Sottini, Ruggero Capra, Cinzia Zanotti, Marco Chiarini, Federico Serana, Doris Ricotta +2 others
  • 2012
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) usually occurs in patients with severe immunosuppression, hematological malignancies, chronic inflammatory conditions or receiving organ transplant. Recently, PML has also been observed in patients treated with monoclonal antibodies. By taking advantage of the availability of samples from a multiple sclerosis(More)
BACKGROUND Specific cognitive rehabilitation in multiple sclerosis (MS) resulted to be effective compared to no treatment. So far the possible role of an aspecific psychological intervention on cognition has not been investigated. OBJECTIVE The aim of the SMICT RCT was to compare the efficacy of a specific cognitive training with an aspecific(More)
Even though anti-interferon beta (IFNβ) antibodies are the main determinants of IFNβ bioactivity loss and Myxovirus-resistance protein A (MxA) is the most established marker of IFNβ biological activity in IFNβ-treated multiple sclerosis patients, their usefulness in the routine clinical practice is still debated. Therefore, 118 multiple sclerosis patients(More)