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CONTEXT Blood-based analytes may be indicators of pathological processes in Alzheimer disease (AD). OBJECTIVE To identify plasma proteins associated with AD pathology using a combined proteomic and neuroimaging approach. DESIGN Discovery-phase proteomics to identify plasma proteins associated with correlates of AD pathology. Confirmation and validation(More)
The three mammalian lipoxygenases are named according to the carbon position (5, 12 or 15) at which they catalyse the oxygenation of arachidonic acid; they are implicated in inflammatory disorders, for example 15-lipoxygenase is induced in atherosclerosis and can oxidize low-density lipoprotein to its atherogenic form. To identify what determines this(More)
Abberant lipid metabolism is implicated in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathophysiology, but the connections between AD and lipid metabolic pathways are not fully understood. To investigate plasma lipids in AD, a multiplatform screen (n = 35 by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry and n = 35 by nuclear magnetic resonance) was developed, which enabled the(More)
NKG2D is an activating receptor expressed on all human NK cells and a subset of T cells. In cytolytic conjugates between NK cells and target cells expressing its ligand MHC class I chain-related gene A, NKG2D accumulates at the immunological synapse with GM1-rich microdomains. Furthermore, NKG2D is specifically recruited to detergent-resistant membrane(More)
We have previously shown that in developing chicken embryos and differentiating mouse myoblasts, the demethylation of 5-metCpGs occurs through the replacement of 5-methylcytosine by cytosine (Jost, J. P. (1993) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 90, 4685-4688; Jost, J. P. & Jost, Y.C. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 10040-10043). We have now purified over 30,000-fold(More)
BACKGROUND The study aimed to validate previously discovered plasma biomarkers associated with AD, using a design based on imaging measures as surrogate for disease severity and assess their prognostic value in predicting conversion to dementia. METHODS Three multicenter cohorts of cognitively healthy elderly, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and AD(More)
Recently, it has become apparent that surface proteins commonly transfer between immune cells in contact. Inhibitory receptors and ligands exchange between cells during NK cell surveillance and we report here that NK cells also acquire activating ligands from target cells. Specifically, the stress-inducible activating ligand for NKG2D, MHC class I-related(More)
The balance of T-cell proliferation, anergy and apoptosis is central to immune function. In this regard, co-receptor CTLA-4 is needed for the induction of anergy and tolerance. One central question concerns the mechanism by which CTLA-4 can induce T-cell non-responsiveness without a concurrent induction of antigen induced cell death (AICD). In this study,(More)
Markers of Alzheimer's disease (AD) are being widely sought with a number of studies suggesting blood measures of inflammatory proteins as putative biomarkers. Here we report findings from a panel of 27 cytokines and related proteins in over 350 subjects with AD, subjects with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) and elderly normal controls where we also have(More)
Diagnosis of the progressive neurodegenerative disorder Alzheimer's disease (AD) can only definitively be made postmortem. The most promising AD biomarkers identified to date are found in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Among these, one of the most interesting candidates is transthyretin (TTR), the carrier of thyroxine and retinol, which also binds with(More)