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The adult brain shows remarkable plasticity, as demonstrated by the improvement in fine sensorial discriminations after intensive practice. The behavioural aspects of such perceptual learning are well documented, especially in the visual system. Specificity for stimulus attributes clearly implicates an early cortical site, where receptive fields retain fine(More)
Recent findings in dorsal visual stream areas and computational work raise the question whether neurons at the end station of the ventral visual stream can code for stimulus position. The authors provide the first detailed, quantitative data on the spatial sensitivity of neurons in the anterior part of the inferior temporal cortex (area TE) in awake,(More)
1. Human perceptual learning in discrimination of the oblique orientation was studied using psychophysical methods. Subjects were trained daily to improve their ability to identify the orientation of a circular 2.5 deg diameter unidimensional noise field. Dramatic improvements in sensitivity to contour orientation occurred over a period of 15-20 days. The(More)
fMRI-based adaptation paradigms (fMR-A) have been used to infer neuronal stimulus selectivities in humans. Inferring neuronal selectivities from fMR-A, however, requires an understanding of the relationship between the stimulus selectivity of neuronal adaptation and responses. We studied this relationship by recording single cells in macaque inferior(More)
The perception of shape is independent of the size and position of the shape and also of the visual cue that defines it. The same shape can be recognized whether defined by a difference in luminance, by motion, or by texture. Experiments showed that the shape selectivity of individual cells in the macaque inferior temporal cortex did not vary with the size(More)
Perceptual learning is an instance of adult plasticity whereby training in a sensory (e.g., a visual task) results in neuronal changes leading to an improved ability to perform the task. Yet studies in primary visual cortex have found that changes in neuronal response properties were relatively modest. The present study examines the effects of training in(More)
In order to relate single cell performance to behavioral discrimination one needs measurements of the response variance of the units. We recorded from 183 single units of area V1 of monkeys performing an orientation discrimination task. The response variance was found to increase with increasing response strength. This relationship between response variance(More)
The anterior part of the macaque inferior temporal cortex, area TE, occupies a large portion of the temporal lobe and is critical for object recognition. Thus far, no relation between anatomical subdivisions of TE and neuronal selectivity has been described. Here, we present evidence that neurons selective for three-dimensional (3D) shape are concentrated(More)
In order to investigate the neural coding of ordinate-level visual categories, single-cell recordings were made in the anterior temporal cortex of two rhesus monkeys performing a categorization of colour images of trees versus images of other objects. Neurons showed a high average degree of selectivity for these complex colour images. Although most neurons(More)
In order to study how visual categories are coded by the activities of single neurons, it is necessary to first demonstrate that the animal subjects can categorize the visual stimuli employed in the single-unit recordings. Thus, rhesus monkeys were trained in a visual categorization task designed to minimize rote learning of individual exemplars and to(More)