Learn More
Chemical coagulation is a simple and widely used water treatment process. A jar test based on the residual turbidity in the treated water was used to evaluate the optimal conditions for floc formation. However, the final residual turbidity does not show up variation of turbidity and floc formation during the flocculation process. Hence, a nephelometric(More)
The presence of humic acid may change the way phosphate is absorbed or stabilized by soil and how it influences the growth of plants. The binding of phosphate with the humic substance requires bridging between phosphate ions and humic acid by metal ions, such as aluminum or iron ions. The bridging reaction can take place in peat and allophane soil under(More)
The conventional sequential control of Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR) is designed with fixed time periods for various operation phases. However, both of the flow rates and qualities of influent vary over time, therefore, a big capacity of wastewater equalization unit is required to cope with influent variability. Such an equalization unit increases the(More)
A Nephelometric turbidimeter coupled with a data acquisition unit was used to measure turbidity every second. The standard deviation (SD) of the measured turbidity was proportional to the square root of the floc size; a greater SD indicated larger floc sizes. Than the image analysis (Matrox Inspector V2.2) was used to measure the mean particle size to(More)
The present study used ultraviolet absorption (UVa) and the florescence intensity (FI) to evaluate the coagulation efficiency for removing dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in the raw water from Min-Ter, Li-Yu-Ten and Yun-Ho-Shen reservoirs in Taiwan. The results indicated that the ratio of DOC removal rate and FI removal rate was maintained at about 1 at(More)
The purpose of this study is to develop a reliable and effective real-time control strategy by integrating artificial neural network (ANN) process models to perform automatic operation of a dynamic continuous-flow SBR system. The ANN process models, including ORP/pH simulation models and water quality ([NH4(+)-N] and [NOx(-)-N]) prediction models, can(More)
  • 1