Ruey-Chyi Su

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BACKGROUND Multiple biologic factors influence maintenance of immunologic responsiveness. Here, we studied whether epigenetics has a regulatory function in maintaining pre-established T(H)1-like and T(H)2-like immunity in human beings. OBJECTIVE We focused on delineating the role of endogenous histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity in regulating cytokine(More)
Considerable knowledge has been gained from temporal analyses of molecular events culminating in gene activation, but technical hurdles have hindered comparable studies of gene silencing. Here we describe the temporal assembly of silent chromatin at the mouse terminal transferase gene (Dntt), which is silenced and repositioned to pericentromeric(More)
Not all individuals exposed to HIV become infected. Understanding why these HIV-exposed seronegative individuals remain uninfected will help inform the development of preventative measures against HIV infection. Interferon regulatory factor-1 (IRF1) plays a critical role both in host antiviral immunity and in HIV-1 replication. This study examined IRF1(More)
Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD), an mRNA surveillance mechanism, eliminates premature termination codon-containing (PTC⁺) transcripts. For instance, it maintains the homeostasis of splicing factors and degrades aberrant transcripts of human genetic disease genes. Here we examine the inhibitory effect on the NMD pathway and consequent increase of PTC+(More)
Epigenetic events that contribute to the assembly and maintenance of silent chromatin structures have been defined through genetic, molecular, and cytological studies in a variety of eukaryotic model organisms. However, the precise cascade of events responsible for converting a developmentally regulated gene from an active euchromatic state to a heritably(More)
The development of nonviral, peptide-based constructs able to elicit protective in vivo CTL responses represents a major challenge in the design of future vaccines. We report the design of branched peptide delivery vehicles, termed loligomers, that facilitate the import, processing, and presentation of CTL epitopes onto nascent MHC class I molecules. These(More)
Interferons, induced early during viral infections, represent important regulators of both innate and adaptive immune responses, and provide protective effects against a wide range of pathogens, including HIV. Several in vitro studies and some in vivo data from HIV-exposed seronegative cohorts indicate that interferons and interferon-mediated immune(More)
Mammalian orthoreoviruses (reoviruses) are ubiquitous viral agents that infect cells in respiratory and enteric tracts. The frequency and nature of human cellular immunoregulatory responses against reovirus are unknown. Here we establish systems to detect and quantify reovirus-induced cytokine and chemokine recall responses using primary cultures of(More)
Members of the interferon regulatory factor (IRF) family control the expression of numerous proteins, many of which are central to regulating host immune responses. IRF1 is one of the central mediators of the innate and adaptive immune responses required for antigen processing and presentation, Th1/Th2 differentiation, and natural killer (NK) cell and(More)