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Vagal pulmonary myelinated afferents are normally not activated by capsaicin, a selective agonist of transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) receptors. This study was carried out to investigate whether the expression of TRPV1 in these afferents is altered when chronic airway inflammation is induced by ovalbumin (Ova) sensitization. Two groups(More)
Airway exposure to zinc dust and zinc-containing ambient particulates can cause symptoms of airway irritation and inflammation, but the underlying molecular and cellular mechanisms are largely unknown. Transient receptor potential A1 (TRPA1) is selectively expressed in a subpopulation of pulmonary C-fiber afferents and has been considered as a major(More)
This study was carried out to determine the effect of 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate (2-APB), a common activator of transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV) type 1, 2, and 3 channels, on cardiorespiratory reflexes, pulmonary C fiber afferents, and isolated pulmonary capsaicin-sensitive neurons. In anesthetized, spontaneously breathing rats, intravenous(More)
This study investigated 1) whether pulmonary C fibers are activated by a transient increase in the CO2 concentration of alveolar gas; and 2) if the CO2 sensitivity of these afferents is altered during airway inflammation. Single-unit pulmonary C-fiber activity was recorded in anesthetized, open-chest rats. Transient alveolar hypercapnia (HPC) was induced by(More)
In the respiratory tract, TRPV1, a non-selective cation channel and a polymodal transducer, is expressed primarily in non-myelinated sensory nerves. A significant role of TRPV1 in eliciting the cough reflex has been extensively documented. Inhalation of capsaicin aerosol, a selective agonist of TRPV1, consistently and reproducibly evoked coughs in a(More)
Anandamide (AEA), an arachidonic acid derivative produced during inflammatory conditions, is an endogenous agonist of both transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) receptors and cannabinoid CB1 receptors. Sensitization of capsaicin-sensitive lung vagal afferent (CSLVA) fibers by chemical mediators is important in the pathogenesis of hyperreactive(More)
The sensitization of capsaicin-sensitive lung vagal (CSLV) afferents by inflammatory mediators is important in the development of airway hypersensitivity. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is an endogenous mediator inducing hyperalgesia through transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) receptors located on nociceptors. We conducted this study to determine whether(More)
Inhalation of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), a proinflammatory cytokine, induces airway hyperresponsiveness, and the underlying mechanism is not fully understood. Hypersensitivity of vagal bronchopulmonary C-fiber afferents is known to contribute to the airway hyperresponsiveness during an airway inflammatory reaction. Because activation of these(More)
Transient receptor potential ankyrin type 1 (TRPA1) and vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) receptors are co-expressed in vagal pulmonary C-fiber sensory nerves. Because both these ligand-gated non-selective cation channels are sensitive to a number of endogenous inflammatory mediators, it is highly probable that they can be activated simultaneously during airway(More)
RATIONALE Hyperventilation of hot humid air induces transient bronchoconstriction in patients with asthma; the underlying mechanism is not known. Recent studies showed that an increase in temperature activates vagal bronchopulmonary C-fiber sensory nerves, which upon activation can elicit reflex bronchoconstriction. OBJECTIVES This study was designed to(More)