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Ciclesonide, an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) with prolonged anti-inflammatory activity, is being developed for the treatment of asthma. Fatty acid conjugation of ICS is thought to be related to prolonged ICS activity. In vitro studies demonstrated that ciclesonide is converted to an active metabolite, desisobutyryl-ciclesonide (des-CIC), which undergoes(More)
Ciclesonide (CIC) is an inhaled glucocorticosteroid. This study aimed to identify esterases involved in the metabolism of CIC to the active metabolite desisobutyryl-ciclesonide (des-CIC), and to measure hydrolysis rates in human liver, lung and plasma and normal human bronchial epithelial (NHBE) cells in vitro. Ciclesonide (5 microM and 500 microM) was(More)
Ciclesonide is a novel inhaled corticosteroid that is converted in the lungs to its active metabolite, desisobutyryl-ciclesonide (des-CIC). The aim of this study was to compare the deposition of ciclesonide, as well as its conversion to des-CIC, in the oropharyngeal cavity with fluticasone propionate (FP) following inhalation via hydrofluoroalkane-propelled(More)
OBJECTIVE Inhaled corticosteroids may cause oropharyngeal side effects if deposited in the oropharynx in active form. Ciclesonide, an inhaled corticosteroid with low glucocorticoid receptor affinity, is activated primarily in the lung by esterases to an active metabolite, desisobutyryl-ciclesonide (des-CIC), with high glucocorticoid receptor affinity. We(More)
Freely circulating, protein unbound, active inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) can cause systemic adverse effects. Desisobutyryl-ciclesonide (des-CIC) is the active metabolite of ciclesonide, an effective, novel ICS for persistent asthma. This study examines the free fraction of ciclesonide and des-CIC and determines whether the presence of other agents or(More)
Ciclesonide is an inhaled corticosteroid, administered as a prodrug via a metered-dose inhaler. Following deposition in the lung, ciclesonide is hydrolysed by esterases to form the pharmacologically active metabolite desisobutyryl-ciclesonide (des-CIC). Formation of des-CIC, as well as reversible esterification of des-CIC with fatty acids, has been(More)
Ciclesonide, a corticosteroid in development for allergic rhinitis, is converted to the pharmacologically active metabolite, desisobutyryl-ciclesonide (des-CIC), and des-CIC is subsequently esterified with fatty acids. Various experiments were performed to investigate ciclesonide metabolism in human nasal epithelial cells (HNEC). Human nasal epithelial(More)
BACKGROUND Ciclesonide, an intranasal corticosteroid, is administered as a prodrug and is converted to the active metabolite, desisobutyryl ciclesonide, in the upper and lower airways. Previous studies have assessed systemic exposure with the ciclesonide hydrofluoroalkane metered dose inhaler (CIC HFA-MDI) and the ciclesonide aqueous nasal spray (CIC-AQ)(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether systemic exposure to desisobutyrylciclesonide (des-CIC) (the pharmacologically active metabolite of ciclesonide) and erythromycin are affected by combined administration of ciclesonide and erythromycin. METHODS 18 healthy subjects were enrolled in a Phase 1, open-label, randomized, three-period crossover study. Each(More)
The pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic effects of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) have shaped the efficacy and safety of these agents in the treatment of asthma. Important pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic characteristics that can enhance the efficacy of ICS include small particle size, high glucocorticoid-receptor-binding affinity, long pulmonary(More)