Ruediger C. Braun‐Dullaeus

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and Introduction Abstract In atherosclerosis, the vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) contributes to vessel wall inflammation and lipoprotein retention, as well as to the formation of the fibrous cap that provides stability to the plaque. The VSMC can undergo a proliferative response that underlies the development of in-stent restenosis, bypass graft(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic hypoxia induces pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and hypertrophy are important contributors to the remodeling that occurs in chronic hypoxic pulmonary vasculature. We hypothesized that rapamycin (RAPA), a potent cell cycle inhibitor, prevents pulmonary hypertension in chronic hypoxic mice. (More)
Recently generated caveolin-1 deficient mice (cav-1(-/-)) display several physiological alterations such as severe heart failure and lung fibrosis. The molecular mechanisms how the loss of caveolin-1 (cav-1) mediates these alterations are currently under debate. A plethora of studies support a role of cav-1 as a negative regulator of endothelial nitric(More)
The identification of various signaling molecules found within caveolae and their functional interaction with the integral membrane protein caveolin, a major structural component of caveolae, suggests that these membrane microdomains participate in transmembrane signaling. Several lines of evidence indicate that caveolin may act as a scaffolding protein by(More)
Background—Cyclic stretch plays an important role in the homeostasis of vessel structure. Increased forces might, however, contribute to remodeling processes, resulting in vascular proliferative diseases. The initial molecular events necessary for mechanosensitive cell cycle entry of quiescent smooth muscle cells are poorly understood. Methods and(More)
The G534E polymorphism (Marburg I [MI]) of factor VII-activating protease (FSAP) is associated with carotid stenosis and cardiovascular disease. We have previously demonstrated that FSAP is present in atherosclerotic plaques and it is a potent inhibitor of vascular smooth muscle proliferation and migration in vitro. The effect of wild-type (WT)- and MI-FSAP(More)
Estrogens are suggested to play a role in the development and progression of proliferative diseases such as breast cancer. Like other steroid hormone receptors, the estrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha) is a substrate of protein kinases, and phosphorylation has profound effects on its function and activity. Given the importance of DNA-dependent protein kinase(More)
The cellular response to DNA double-strand break (DSB) occurs through an integrated sensing and signalling network that maintains genomic stability. Oestrogen (E2), among its many functions, is known to have a positive effect on global genomic DNA repair; however, the mechanism by which it functions is unclear. A central enzyme involved in DNA DSB repair in(More)
Mechanical forces contribute to vascular remodeling processes. Elevated mechanical stress causes apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) within the media. This study examined the role of the cystein protease calpain in force-induced vascular cell apoptosis and its effect on injury-induced vascular remodeling processes. VSMCs were exposed to cyclic(More)
The NF-κB signaling pathway is central for the innate immune response and its deregulation is found in multiple disorders such as autoimmune, chronic inflammatory and metabolic diseases. IKKγ/NEMO is essential for NF-κB activation and NEMO dysfunction in humans has been linked to so-called progeria syndromes, which are characterized by advanced ageing due(More)