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As methods for determining protein three-dimensional (3D) structure develop, a continuing problem is how to verify that the final protein model is correct. The revision of several protein models to correct errors has prompted the development of new criteria for judging the validity of X-ray and NMR structures, as well as the formation of energetic and(More)
A novel secreted glycoprotein that regulates bone resorption has been identified. The protein, termed Osteoprotegerin (OPG), is a novel member of the TNF receptor superfamily. In vivo, hepatic expression of OPG in transgenic mice results in a profound yet nonlethal osteopetrosis, coincident with a decrease in later stages of osteoclast differentiation.(More)
The inverse protein folding problem, the problem of finding which amino acid sequences fold into a known three-dimensional (3D) structure, can be effectively attacked by finding sequences that are most compatible with the environments of the residues in the 3D structure. The environments are described by: (i) the area of the residue buried in the protein(More)
By means of immunohistochemical and electrophysiological methods, we have investigated the presence of androgen receptors on astrocytes in explant and primary cultures from various regions of rat central nervous system. Our studies have shown that a great number of astrocytes and neurones express androgen receptors as recognized by a specific monoclonal(More)
This databank-based, multicenter study compared all stroke patients with IV tissue plasminogen activator aged > or = 80 years (n = 38) and those < 80 years old (n = 287). Three-month mortality was higher in older patients. Favorable outcome (modified Rankin scale < or = 1) and intracranial hemorrhage (asymptomatic/symptomatic/fatal) were similarly frequent(More)
BACKGROUND In high-income countries, viral load is routinely measured to detect failure of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and guide switching to second-line ART. Viral load monitoring is not generally available in resource-limited settings. We examined switching from nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI)-based first-line regimens to protease(More)
Predictors of disease progression were studied in 89 asymptomatic HIV-infected patients who were prospectively evaluated for psychosocial variables and the development of clinical symptoms over a period of 2 years. The subjects were assessed for symptoms, laboratory measures, demographic variables, social and personal resources, mental status, alcohol,(More)
Two adult patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) presented with psycho-organic symptoms produced by an extensive cerebral and cerebellar leukoencephalopathy. Diffuse loss of myelin and axons with reactive astrocytosis and distinctive multinucleated giant cells were prominent in the deep white matter, but less so in the subcortical white(More)
BACKGROUND Intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) for stroke seems to be beneficial independent of the underlying etiology. Recent observations raised concern that IVT might cause harm in patients with strokes attributable to small artery occlusion (SAO). OBJECTIVE The safety of IVT in SAO-patients is addressed in this study. METHODS We used the Swiss IVT(More)