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Mutations in mitofusin 2 (MFN2) have been reported in Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 2 (CMT2) families. To study the distribution of mutations in MFN2 we screened 323 families and isolated patients with distinct CMT phenotypes. In 29 probands, we identified 22 distinct MFN2 mutations, and 14 of these mutations have not been reported before. All mutations were(More)
Mutations of the mitochondrial PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homologue)-induced kinase1 (PINK1) are important causes of recessive Parkinson disease (PD). Studies on loss of function and overexpression implicate PINK1 in apoptosis, abnormal mitochondrial morphology, impaired dopamine release and motor deficits. However, the fundamental mechanism underlying(More)
BACKGROUND Aggressive lipid lowering with high doses of statins increases the risk of statin-induced myopathy. However, the cellular mechanisms leading to muscle damage are not known and sensitive biomarkers are needed to identify patients at risk of developing statin-induced serious side effects. METHODOLOGY We performed bioinformatics analysis of whole(More)
Missense mutations in the small heat shock protein HSPB8 cause distal hereditary motor neuropathy (dHMN) and axonal Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT2L). We previously demonstrated that, despite the ubiquitous expression of HSPB8, motor neurons appear to be predominantly affected by HSPB8 mutations. Here, we studied the effect of mutant HSPB8 in primary(More)
An 8-year-old girl with linear scleroderma "en coup de sabre" is reported who, at preschool age, presented with intractable simple partial seizures more than 1 year before skin lesions were first noticed. MRI revealed hippocampal atrophy, controlaterally to the seizures and ipsilaterally to the skin lesions. In the following months, a mental and motor(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To date, the demonstration of Rosenthal fibers on brain biopsy or autopsy specimens is considered a prerequisite for a definitive diagnosis of Alexander disease. We initiated a multiinstitutional survey of MR abnormalities in both presumed and confirmed cases of Alexander disease to assess the possibility of an MR-based diagnosis. (More)
Topiramate (TPM) is a new anti-epileptic drug with proven efficacy against partial seizures in adults. Its use in children is less well documented. In a retrospective study, 41 patients with intractable childhood epilepsy were treated with TPM as add-on therapy for an average period of 15 months. They were classified according to seizure type and etiology.(More)
OBJECTIVES Heterozygous mutations in STXBP1, encoding the syntaxin binding protein 1, have recently been identified in Ohtahara syndrome, an epileptic encephalopathy with very early onset. In order to explore the phenotypic spectrum associated with STXBP1 mutations, we analyzed a cohort of patients with unexplained early-onset epileptic encephalopathies. (More)
We screened 41 patients with undiagnosed encephalomyopathies and cytochrome c oxidase (COX) deficiency for mutations in two COX assembly genes, SURF-1 and SCO2; 6 patients had mutations in SURF-1 and 3 had mutations in SCO2. All of the mutations in SURF-1 were small-scale rearrangements (deletions/insertions); 3 patients were homozygotes and the other 3(More)
Ethylmalonic encephalopathy (EE) is a rare, recently defined inborn error of metabolism which affects the brain, gastrointestinal system and peripheral blood vessels and is characterized by a unique constellation of clinical and biochemical features. A 7-month-old male, who presented with psychomotor retardation, chronic diarrhea and relapsing petechiae is(More)