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PURPOSE Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) permits the detection of diffuse and focal bone marrow infiltration in the absence of osteopenia or focal osteolysis on standard metastatic bone surveys (MBSs). PATIENTS AND METHODS Both baseline MBS and MRI were available in 611 of 668 myeloma patients who were treated uniformly with a tandem autologous(More)
Rosette-forming glioneuronal tumor of the fourth ventricle (RGNT) is a rare condition, which previously has been described predominantly in middle-aged patients. There is limited experience with this kind of tumor in the elderly. Clinical, neuroimaging, and histological features of an example in a 70-year-old male who presented initially with vertigo are(More)
Intracranial chordoma is a locally aggressive and relatively rare tumor of the skull base that is thought to originate from embryonic remnants of the primitive notochord. Both computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging are usually required for evaluation of intracranial chordomas due to bone involvement and the proximity of these tumors to(More)
Involvement of the central nervous system (CNS) by multiple myeloma, defined by the detection of malignant plasma cells in the cerebrospinal fluid in the presence of suggestive symptoms, is considered extremely rare. We present the characteristics of 25 such patients (18 previously reported) intended to receive high-dose treatment at the University of(More)
Multiple myeloma causes major morbidity resulting from osteolytic lesions that can be detected by metastatic bone surveys. Magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography can detect bone marrow focal lesions long before development of osteolytic lesions. Using data from patients enrolled in Total Therapy 3 for newly diagnosed myeloma (n=303), we(More)
We report two cases of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) occurring in association with supra-therapeutic serum lithium levels. Although the neurologic manifestations of lithium toxicity are well known, this is, to our knowledge, the first report describing a link between lithium toxicity and PRES. We discuss the current understanding of(More)
The pathophysiology of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is incompletely understood; however, an underlying state of immune dysregulation and endothelial dysfunction has been proposed. We examined alterations of serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), a marker of endothelial dysfunction, relative to the development of PRES in patients receiving(More)
Acoustic neuromas are the most common tumor in the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) but are rare in the general population. Paragangliomas are rarer still and, in a minority of cases (20%), are known to be caused by errors in the SDHD gene. Mutations in this gene are highly penetrant when inherited paternally but not maternally. We present the first reported(More)
Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and venography (MRV) are useful tools in the diagnosis and analysis of both intracranial and head and neck tumors. These procedures illuminate the three-dimensional relationships of the tumors and the adjacent cerebral vasculature. Contrast administration allows further analysis of these lesions. Research continues to(More)