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The authors evaluated the efficacy of Brief Alcohol Screening and Intervention for College Students (BASICS - L. A. Dimeff, J. S. Baer, D. R. Kivlahan, & G. A. Marlatt, 1999), a single session of drinking-related feedback intended to reduce heavy drinking and related harm. College student drinkers (N = 99) were assigned to BASICS, an educational(More)
Two studies compared participants, distinguished by their typical alcohol consumption, on the degree to which they discounted the value of delayed, hypothetical amounts of money. Heavy social drinkers in Study 1 and problem drinkers in Study 2 both showed greater temporal discounting than light social drinkers; this difference was stronger in Study 2. Both(More)
This study investigated whether a behavioral economic index of the value of rewards available over different time horizons improved prediction of drinking outcomes beyond established biopsychosocial predictors. Preferences for immediate drinking versus more delayed rewards made possible by saving money were determined from expenditures prior to resolution(More)
Working from an information-processing conceptual framework, this experiment investigated the effects of alcohol, expectancy, and sex of subject on normal drinkers' perceptions of facial emotions. In a 2- x -2 factorial design, 24 males and 24 females were given either an alcoholic (0.50 g/kg body weight) or a nonalcoholic beverage and instructed that they(More)
This study investigated whether the relative allocation of discretionary monetary expenditures to alcoholic beverages versus savings (presumed to reflect relative preferences for immediate vs. delayed rewards) before quitting abusive drinking predicted natural resolution among untreated problem drinkers. Drinking, life events, income, and expenditures were(More)
Behavioral theories of choice predict that substance use is partly a function of the relative value of drugs in relation to other available reinforcers. This study evaluated this hypothesis in the context of predicting drinking outcomes following an alcohol abuse intervention. Participants (N = 54, 69% female, 31% male) were college student heavy drinkers(More)
Many substance abusers make repeated attempts to quit or control their drug use. Some attempts involve participation in formal treatment or self-help groups, but recovery also can occur outside the context of interventions (Sobell et al. 1991). It is important to determine what promotes help-seeking at some times and not others, and how influences on(More)