- Full text PDF available (3)
Taste preferences were studied in two groups of rats depleted of vitamin A by dietary restriction. One group received sufficient vitamin A acid supplement to maintain normal growth. The other group was repleted with vitamin A alcohol after the classical deficiency symptoms had appeared; this group gradually lost normal preferences for NaCl and aversion to… (More)
Intracellular recordings of membrane potentials of mudpuppy lingual cells were made with micropipette electrodes. Three types of cells were distinguished by their responses to chemical stimulation. Surface epithelial (SE) cells outside of taste buds responded with large membrane potential and resistance changes to a variety of stimuli representing the four… (More)
Neural and behavioral taste responses to NaCl were studied in rats receiving a high-salt diet. Salt preferences and voluntary sodium intake were measured by the 24-h two-bottle choice method over a wide concentration range of NaCl solutions. As expected, the salt-loaded rats showed lower preference responses for all the solutions tested, which were… (More)
Neural activity in intact chorda tympani nerve of rats was studied with an electronic summator. Neural activity increased when amino acid solutions 0.01 M or above passed over the tongue. Response magnitude, at concentrations close to solubility limits for the amino acids tested, was: DL-methionine < DL-tryptophan < DL-valine < DL-alanine < glycine < 0.1 M… (More)
Electrophysiological recordings from single, open-pored sensilla on the pedipalps of intact wolf spiders confirm the presence of numerous chemosensory neural units in the sensilla. The presence of one or two mechanosensory neurons in these sensilla is also confirmed.