Rudy A. Bernard

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Taste preferences were studied in two groups of rats depleted of vitamin A by dietary restriction. One group received sufficient vitamin A acid supplement to maintain normal growth. The other group was repleted with vitamin A alcohol after the classical deficiency symptoms had appeared; this group gradually lost normal preferences for NaCl and aversion to(More)
Intracellular recordings of membrane potentials of mudpuppy lingual cells were made with micropipette electrodes. Three types of cells were distinguished by their responses to chemical stimulation. Surface epithelial (SE) cells outside of taste buds responded with large membrane potential and resistance changes to a variety of stimuli representing the four(More)
Neural activity in intact chorda tympani nerve of rats was studied with an electronic summator. Neural activity increased when amino acid solutions 0.01 M or above passed over the tongue. Response magnitude, at concentrations close to solubility limits for the amino acids tested, was: DL-methionine < DL-tryptophan < DL-valine < DL-alanine < glycine < 0.1 M(More)
Neural and behavioral taste responses to NaCl were studied in rats receiving a high-salt diet. Salt preferences and voluntary sodium intake were measured by the 24-h two-bottle choice method over a wide concentration range of NaCl solutions. As expected, the salt-loaded rats showed lower preference responses for all the solutions tested, which were(More)
Antidromic electrical stimulation of the lingual branch of the glossopharyngeal (IX) nerve of the frog was carried out while recording intracellular potentials of taste disc cells. Antidromic activation of sensory fibers resulted in depolarization of cells of the upper layer of the disc and most commonly in hyperpolarization of the cells in the lower layer.(More)