Rudolph Neal Band

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Entamoeba histolytica required CO2 for growth in axenic culture while growth was inhibited by H2. The organism was tolerant to 5% O2 in the gas phase and it was able to detoxify products of O2 reduction in the medium. The ameba did not require a negative oxidation-reduction potential for axenic growth. However, little or no free O2 was present in media(More)
The simplified "All In One Tube" protocol for constructing a cDNA library combines the advantages of the "Classic method" and the Okayama-Berg method while overcoming some of their drawbacks. In this method, adding adapters, linkers or enzyme digestion steps are no longer necessary after cDNA synthesis, thus making it quicker and especially useful when(More)
Protein synthesis patterns of the low-virulence Naegleria fowleri LEE strain from axenic culture, the same strain after mouse brain passage to increase virulence, and the same strain after growth on bacteria were studied. Comparisons of accumulated proteins, in vivo-synthesized proteins, and in vitro-synthesized proteins translated from poly(A)+ mRNA were(More)
Nearctic Chymomyza amoena, an eastern US forest drosophilid, was initially known only to breed in damaged or parasitized nuts and had been little studied. It has been spreading in Europe since its discovery in the former Czechoslovakia in 1975. By the time it arrived in Switzerland’s Canton Ticino in 1988, research in the United States revealed it had long(More)
Chymomyza amoena larvae in apples in summer were found to be either potentially freeze tolerant or to supercool. By late September only potentially freeze tolerant larvae were recovered from apples. Larvae from walnut husks in winter supercooled to avoid freezing. However, freeze tolerance could be induced in laboratory grown larvae by placing them in(More)
Chymomyza amoena, a member of the family Drosophilidae, is now breeding in fallen apples in the state of Michigan.C. amoena larvae can overwinter in fallen apples, completing development and emerging as adults in the summer. Cold resistance during the overwintering phase may not depend upon the accumulation of glycerol or other sugar alcohols.
Supercooling point elevation to −3.2±1.3°C among 17 freeze tolerantChymomyza amoena larvae was delayed until January, 1983 in the mild winter of 1982–83 and occurred despite particulate matter in the gut. The larval population in mid-Michigan is polymorphic for both freeze tolerant and freeze sensitive larvae. One substrate,Malus coronaria fruits, appears(More)
Proline is accumulated by overwinteringC. amonea larvae. Mortality averages over 50% by spring. PGMF in the population shifts from 70% in summer to less than 50% during winter, increasing again in summer. Product synthesis from stored glycogen may be mandated in dipteran larvae also using larval proteins for cold hardiness when completion of development is(More)