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Two tribal groups from southern India--the Chenchus and Koyas--were analyzed for variation in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), the Y chromosome, and one autosomal locus and were compared with six caste groups from different parts of India, as well as with western and central Asians. In mtDNA phylogenetic analyses, the Chenchus and Koyas coalesce at(More)
Clinical and electrophysiological investigations and nerve biopsies were carried out on 61 patients shown to have a chromosome 17p11.2 duplication (hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy-HMSN Ia). Of these, 50 showed a Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) phenotype and eight could be classified as having the Roussy-Lévy syndrome. Of the patients with a CMT phenotype,(More)
Nineteen cases are described, including 12 cases from three different families and 7 nonfamilial cases, in which multisystem neurological disease was associated with acanthocytosis in peripheral blood and normal plasma lipoproteins. Mild acanthocytosis can easily be overlooked, and scanning electron microscopy may be helpful. Some neurologically(More)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A, a hereditary demyelinating neuropathy, is usually caused by overexpression of peripheral myelin protein 22 (PMP22) due to a genomic duplication. We have generated a transgenic mouse model in which mouse pmp22 overexpression can be regulated. In this mouse model, overexpression of pmp22 occurs specifically in Schwann(More)
Morphological and functional studies have been performed on experimental vitamin E deficient rats. The predominant morphological change was axonal dystrophy and degeneration in the rostral parts of the dorsal columns, particularly in the gracile fasciculi. The dystrophic changes comprised focal axonal swellings containing accumulations of normal and(More)
Hereditary motor and sensory neuropathies, to which Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease belongs, are a common cause of disability in adulthood. Growing awareness that axonal loss, rather than demyelination per se, is responsible for the neurological deficit in demyelinating CMT disease has focused research on the mechanisms of early development, cell(More)
During Wallerian degeneration, the Schwann cell basal laminal ensheathment around myelinated nerve fibres remains after the removal of myelin and axonal debris, forming a corrugated tube within which Schwann cell proliferation takes place. In nerve biopsies from patients with diabetic neuropathy, such residual basal laminal tubes tend to be circular rather(More)
Experimental allergic neuritis has been induced in 52 guinea pigs by the inoculation of rabbit peripheral nerve in Freund's adjuvant. The majority of the animals developed an acute monophasic illness after a mean interval of 16 days and, if they survived, recovered fully after an average period of 52 days. Two animals displayed a more chronic course and 1(More)
Freeze-fracture observations have been made on unfixed cryoprotected, and glutaraldehyde-perfused and cryoprotected rat sciatic nerve. In the juxtaparanodal region of the internode, numerous particle clusters were observed on the axolemmal E face and rings of particles of uniform size on the P face of the adaxonal Schwann cell membrane. Both of these(More)