Rudolph A. Riemersma

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BACKGROUND Experimental models and observational studies suggest that vitamin E supplementation may prevent cardiovascular disease and cancer. However, several trials of high-dosage vitamin E supplementation showed non-statistically significant increases in total mortality. PURPOSE To perform a meta-analysis of the dose-response relationship between(More)
Color Doppler myocardial imaging is a new technique that has been developed specifically to allow color Doppler imaging of myocardial wall motion rather than blood pool imaging. Such a technique has the potential to interrogate velocities, accelerations, and Doppler signal strength within the myocardial wall. Moreover, the concomitant enhancement of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To review systematically the evidence for an effect of long chain and shorter chain omega 3 fatty acids on total mortality, cardiovascular events, and cancer. DATA SOURCES Electronic databases searched to February 2002; authors contacted and bibliographies of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) checked to locate studies. REVIEW METHODS Review(More)
BACKGROUND It has been suggested that mercury, a highly reactive heavy metal with no known physiologic activity, increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. Because fish intake is a major source of exposure to mercury, the mercury content of fish may counteract the beneficial effects of its n-3 fatty acids. METHODS In a case-control study conducted in(More)
The aim was to determine if certain risk factors in the general population are more strongly related to peripheral arterial disease than to ischemic heart disease. Arterial disease in the lower limbs was measured by means of the World Health Organization questionnaire on intermittent claudication, the ankle brachial pressure index, and a reactive hyperemia(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The incidence of Crohn's disease in Scottish children has increased steadily over 30 years. Many studies have investigated genetic influence or possible links with childhood events. We aimed to study sociodemographic and/or geographic distribution of juvenile=onset Crohn's disease in Scotland. METHODS Using a previously established and(More)
BACKGROUND It has been suggested that omega 3 (W3, n-3 or omega-3) fats from oily fish and plants are beneficial to health. OBJECTIVES To assess whether dietary or supplemental omega 3 fatty acids alter total mortality, cardiovascular events or cancers using both RCT and cohort studies. SEARCH STRATEGY Five databases including CENTRAL, MEDLINE and(More)
A multicenter case-control study was conducted to evaluate the relations between antioxidant status assessed by biomarkers and acute myocardial infarction. Incidence cases and frequency matched controls were recruited from 10 European countries to maximize the variance in exposure within the study. Adipose tissue needle aspiration biopsies were taken(More)
Little is known about the protective role of inflammatory processes in modulating lipid metabolism in infection. Here we report an intimate link between the innate immune response to infection and regulation of the sterol metabolic network characterized by down-regulation of sterol biosynthesis by an interferon regulatory loop mechanism. In time-series(More)
Hearts from diabetic db/db mice, a model of Type 2 diabetes, exhibit left ventricular failure and altered metabolism of exogenous substrates. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPAR-alpha) ligands reduce plasma lipid and glucose concentrations and improve insulin sensitivity in db/db mice. Consequently, the effect of 4- to 5-wk treatment of(More)