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The prevalence of intellectual-, language-, and prereading-skill deficits was investigated in a geographically defined whole-population sample of very preterm children at 6 years of age in southern Germany. The sample consisted of the following: 264 very preterm children (75.6% of German-speaking survivors); 264 term controls (matched for sex, socioeconomic(More)
The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is a brief behavioural screening questionnaire that can be completed in about 5 minutes by the parents and teachers of 4-16 year olds. The scores of the English version correlate well with those of the considerably longer Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). The present study compares the German versions of the(More)
BACKGROUND The increased survival chances of extremely low-birthweight (ELBW) infants (weighing <1000 g at birth) has led to concern about their behavioural outcome in childhood. In reports from several countries with different assessments at various ages, investigators have noted a higher frequency of behavioural problems in such infants, but(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with bicuspid aortic valves tend to develop dilatation of the ascending aorta. The aim of this study was to analyze whether or not there is any histologic difference in the aortic media of patients with a bicuspid aortic valve or a tricuspid aortic valve. METHODS A morphometric analysis of the wall of the ascending aorta was performed(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the efficacy of behavioral management counseling in the treatment of persistent, excessive infant crying (> 3 hours per day). DESIGN Two treatments, one no treatment control group. Infants were group-matched according to baseline fuss/cry levels, sociodemographic, and infant variables. Treatments were carried out sequentially by the(More)
AIM To study prospectively two methods for the bacteriological diagnosis of osteomyelitis related to diabetic foot ulcer: needle puncture performed across normal skin surrounding the foot ulcer and superficial swabbing of the ulcer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Diabetic patients with a foot ulcer complicated by bone or joint infection, as detected by X-ray(More)
Since there is no upper age limit for general organ donation, unlike heart valve donation, and since a quarter of all organ donors are 65 years and older, we examined whether the heart valves from these donors are suitable as allografts. In the period 1999-2004 the aortic valve and pulmonary valve of 100 organ donors above 65 years of age were examined to(More)
AIM To determine the persistence of regulatory problems (RP), i.e. excessive crying (>3 months of age), feeding and sleeping difficulties from infancy to preschool age, and to evaluate whether RP at 5 months are predictive of preschool adaptive behaviour and social skills. METHOD A prospective population study of newborns admitted to neonatal care. RP at(More)
BACKGROUND The transcription factor TWIST1 has been described to regulate the microRNA (miR)-199/214 cluster. Genetic disruption of TWIST1 resulted in a cachectic phenotype and early death of the knock-out mice. This might be connected to the activity of the ubiquitin-proteasome-system (UPS), as miR-199a has been suggested to regulate the ubiquitin E2(More)
BACKGROUND Epicardial vasculopathy has been shown to be associated with poor outcome after heart transplantation. We demonstrate that histologically proven stenotic microvasculopathy is a novel prognostic factor for long-term survival. METHODS AND RESULTS In 9713 biopsies harvested within the first posttransplantation year from 873 patients (83% male;(More)