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Magnetic fields exhibit higher-order, nonlinear singularities in the form of point-dipole singularities. In addition, due to absence of divergence, they feature only a subset of invariant structures from traditional vector field topol-ogy. For magnetic fields of sets of point dipoles—widely present in physics and often used as an approximation—we present a(More)
A greater appreciation of biotic responses to environmental changes is warranted in small, shallow lakes because of the high number of these habitats, and their unique contributions to regional biodiversity. Furthermore, recent water chemistry monitoring data show that shallow lakes in Ontario are sensitive and have responded significantly to environmental(More)
Optical tweezers are experimental tools with extraordinary resolution in positioning (± 1 nm) a micron-sized colloid and in the measurement of forces (± 50 fN) acting on it-without any mechanical contact. This enables one to carry out a multitude of novel experiments in nano- and microfluidics, of which the following will be presented in this review: (i)(More)
We investigate the structure of a recently proposed magnetic fluid consisting of shifted dipolar (SD) particles in an externally applied magnetic field via computer simulations. For standard dipolar fluids the applied magnetic field usually enhances the dipole-dipole correlations and facilitates chain formation whereas in the present system the effect of an(More)
We present microrheological measurements of the drag force on colloids pulled through a solution of lambda-DNA (used here as a monodisperse model polymer) with an optical tweezer. The experiments show a drag force that is larger than expected from the Stokes formula and the independently measured viscosity of the DNA solution. We attribute this to the(More)
1 Supplementary movies Movie S1 Typical 3D morphology of paramagnetic chains in a soft gel in the absence of a magnetic field. The elastic modulus of the gel is 0.78 ± 0.22 Pa and the scale bar is 300 µm. Movie S2 Typical 3D morphology of paramagnetic chains in a soft gel under a perpendicular magnetic field (B = 216.4 ± 1.1 mT). The elastic modulus of the(More)
Ferrogels, i.e., swollen polymer networks into which magnetic particles are immersed, can be considered as "smart materials" since their shape and elasticity can be controlled by an external magnetic field. Using molecular dynamics simulations on the coarse-grained level, we study a ferrogel in which the magnetic particles act as the cross-linkers of the(More)
Ferrogels and magnetic elastomers differentiate themselves from other materials by their unique capability of reversibly changing shape and mechanical properties under the influence of an external magnetic field. A crucial issue in the study of these outstanding materials is the interaction between the mesoscopic magnetic particles and the polymer matrix in(More)
We study the magneto-elastic coupling behavior of paramagnetic chains in soft polymer gels exposed to external magnetic fields. To this end, a laser scanning confocal microscope is used to observe the morphology of the paramagnetic chains together with the deformation field of the surrounding gel network. The paramagnetic chains in soft polymer gels show(More)
In dense colloids it is commonly assumed that hydrodynamic interactions do not play a role. However, a found theoretical quantification is often missing. We present computer simulations that are motivated by experiments where a large colloidal particle is dragged through a colloidal crystal. To qualify the influence of long-ranged hydrodynamics, we model(More)
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