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High-resolution diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) was performed in 14 patients with clinically definite multiple sclerosis (MS) and the trace of the diffusion tensor (<D>) and the fractional anisotropy (FA) were determined in normal appearing white matter (NAWM) and in different types of focal MS lesions. A small but significant increase of the <D> in NAWM(More)
Total variation was recently introduced in many different magnetic resonance imaging applications. The assumption of total variation is that images consist of areas, which are piecewise constant. However, in many practical magnetic resonance imaging situations, this assumption is not valid due to the inhomogeneities of the exciting B1 field and the receive(More)
The temperature-dependent water proton frequency shift was investigated for temperature monitoring of interstitial thermal coagulation. A procedure for on-line temperature calculation was developed, and errors due to temperature-dependent susceptibility were investigated by finite element analysis and reference measurements. The temperature coefficient of(More)
SENSitivity Encoding (SENSE) greatly enhances the quality of diffusion-weighted echo-planar imaging (EPI) by reducing blurring and off-resonance artifacts. Such improvement would also be desirable for diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), but measures derived from the diffusion tensor can be extremely sensitive to any kind of image distortion. Whether DTI is(More)
PURPOSE To compare and evaluate two novel diffusion-weighted sequences, based either on fast spin-echo (FSE) or interleaved echo-planar imaging (EPI) methods, as potential tools for investing spinal cord abnormalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS Following recent improvements, both interleaved EPI (IEPI) and FSE techniques could be alternative approaches for(More)
The authors describe a method for accurate in vivo multislice imaging of the active component of the B1 field which is based on a previously proposed method, which uses the signal intensity ratio of two images measured with different excitation angles, and a repetition time TR 5 > or = 5 T1. The new method essentially reduces repetition and scan time by(More)
PURPOSE To demonstrate the technical feasibility and precision of a navigated diffusion-weighted (DW) MR imaging method with interleaved echo-planar imaging and test its diagnostic sensitivity for detection of ischemic stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) measurements were performed in phantoms, and six healthy adult(More)
A new approach based on nonlinear inversion for autocalibrated parallel imaging with arbitrary sampling patterns is presented. By extending the iteratively regularized Gauss-Newton method with variational penalties, the improved reconstruction quality obtained from joint estimation of image and coil sensitivities is combined with the superior noise(More)
Diffusion-weighted single-shot EPI (sshEPI) is one of the most important tools for the diagnostic assessment of stroke patients, but it suffers from well known artifacts. Therefore, sshEPI was combined with SENSitivity Encoding (SENSE) to further increase EPI's potential for stroke imaging. Eight healthy volunteers and a consecutive series of patients (N =(More)
In extrahepatic tissues lipoprotein lipase (LPL) hydrolyzes triglycerides thereby generating FFA for tissue uptake and metabolism. To study the effects of increased FFA uptake in muscle tissue, transgenic mouse lines were generated with a human LPL minigene driven by the promoter of the muscle creatine kinase gene. In these mice human LPL was expressed in(More)