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Dysregulated expression of bone morphogenetic protein receptor type II (BMPR2) is a pathogenetic hallmark of pulmonary hypertension. Downregulation of BMPR2 protein but not mRNA has been observed in multiple animal models mimicking the disease, indicating a posttranscriptional mechanism of regulation. Because microRNAs (miRNAs) regulate gene expression(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is often a sequel of venous thromboembolism with fatal natural history; however, many cases can be cured by pulmonary endarterectomy. The clinical characteristics and current management of patients enrolled in an international CTEPH registry was investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS The(More)
Lung transplantation has become an accepted treatment for end-stage pulmonary parenchymal and vascular diseases. Infections still are the most common cause of early and late morbidity and mortality in lung transplant recipients. Bacterial infections comprise approximately half of all infectious complications. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections and disease(More)
BACKGROUND Uncontrolled studies suggested that aerosolized iloprost, a stable analogue of prostacyclin, causes selective pulmonary vasodilatation and improves hemodynamics and exercise capacity in patients with pulmonary hypertension. METHODS We compared repeated daily inhalations of 2.5 or 5.0 microg of iloprost (six or nine times per day; median inhaled(More)
AIMS Dysregulation of the bone morphogenetic protein receptor type 2 (BMPR2) is a hallmark feature that has been described in several forms of pulmonary hypertension. We recently identified the microRNA miR-20a within a highly conserved pathway as a regulator of the expression of BMPR2. To address the pathophysiological relevance of this pathway in vivo, we(More)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) continues to be a cause of substantial morbidity and death after solid-organ transplantation. There are 3 major consequences of CMV infection: CMV disease, including a wide range of clinical illnesses; superinfection with opportunistic pathogens; and injury to the transplanted organ, possibly enhancing chronic rejection. This article(More)
The objective of this prospective study was to assess safety and efficacy of exercise training in a large cohort of patients with different forms and World Health Organization (WHO) functional classes of chronic pulmonary hypertension (PH). 183 patients with PH (pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), chronic thromboembolic PH and PH due to respiratory or(More)
This study aimed to assess the long-term course of pulmonary arterial hypertension related to infection with human immunodeficiency virus (PAHRH) and the influence of antiretroviral therapy (ART) on its characteristics. We retrospectively analyzed all 47 patients in the Swiss HIV Cohort Study in whom PAHRH was diagnosed. Among 35 patients who underwent(More)
A retrospective study is presented of all patients with primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) observed at Zürich University Hospital between 1980 and 1990. In 16 of the 36 patients (23 females/13 males, median age 40) there was a known risk factor for PPH: HIV infection (8), use of anorectic agents (7), liver cirrhosis (1). In 20 cases no risk factor could(More)
Pulmonary hypertension is an "umbrella term" used for a spectrum of entities resulting in an elevation of the pulmonary arterial pressure. Clinical symptoms include dyspnea and fatigue which in the absence of adequate therapeutic intervention may lead to progressive right heart failure and death. The pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension is characterized(More)