Rudolf Mierau

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Patients selected for the presence of scleroderma-related antibodies (anti-DNA-topoisomerase I [anti-topo I; n = 43], anticentromere antibody [ACA; n = 63], or anti-Pm-Scl [n = 12]) were studied for class I and class II major histocompatibility complex antigens, as well as for Gm and Km allotypes. Anti-topo I was associated with HLA-DR5 (70% of patients(More)
The aim of this study was to compare ELISA, immunodiffusion and immunoblot for the detection of anti-Jo-1 antibodies, and to investigate the association of the results with clinical manifestations. In two medical centres for rheumatology and one for pulmonology, all patients with suspected connective tissue disease were screened over a 5-year period for(More)
INTRODUCTION In the present study, we analysed in detail nuclear autoantibodies and their associations in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients included in the German Network for Systemic Scleroderma Registry. METHODS Sera of 863 patients were analysed according to a standardised protocol including immunofluorescence, immunoprecipitation, line immunoassay and(More)
Autoimmune diseases arise from a host's immune response against self-antigens. The triggering events ultimately resulting in such a break of tolerance are largely unknown. It is also not known why certain molecular structures become autoantigenic. The hypothesis has long been proposed that autoimmune diseases arise from molecular mimicry followed by an(More)
The detection of autoantibodies is an important element in the diagnosis and monitoring of disease progression in patients with autoimmune diseases. In laboratory diagnostic tests for connective tissue and autoimmune liver diseases, indirect immunofluorescence on HEp-2 cells plays a central role in a multistage diagnostic process. Despite the high quality(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the clinical and immunogenetic features of patients with Mi-2 autoantibodies. METHODS Eighteen adult white patients with Mi-2 antibodies were clinically characterized and compared with 41 Mi-2-negative dermatomyositis (DM) patients. HLA class I and class II typing for DRB alleles was done by microcytotoxicity assay and for DQA(More)
Diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is mainly based on clinical criteria of symmetric polyarthritis of the hands and feet, with morning stiffness lasting usually more than 1 h. Autoantibodies typical for RA, i.e., rheumatoid factors and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide, and measurements of inflammation add more specific information, especially for early(More)
Antibodies directed against an epitope motif on CENP-A have been shown to cross-react with mimotopes on other autoantigens and on Epstein-Barr nuclear antigen 1 (EBNA-1), suggesting a molecular mimicry. We describe here the gradual development of an anticentromere immune response in a patient with systemic sclerosis, which started from an antihistone(More)
BACKGROUND Antibodies targeting DNA topoisomerase I (ATA) or centromere proteins (ACA) are associated with clinical subsets of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). The occurrence of those autoantibodies is considered to be mutually exclusive. OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical and immunogenetic data of three patients who are co-expressing both(More)
The specificity of the mouse class I-specific antibody COB6-3 was examined in detail. It was found to react with the mouse class I molecules H-2Db, Kd, and Qa-2, and with human HLA-A, −B, −C antigens. The specificity pattern of COB6-3, despite its different origin, was similar to that of the monomorphic HLA class I-specific antibody W6/32. Cross-inhibition(More)