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Four cases are presented, in whom cerebellar haemorrhages appeared as a complication following supratentorial craniotomy for a giant aneurysm, for tumours in three cases. Two patients died. Intracranial hypotension in combination with disturbed blood coagulation is discussed as possible pathogenesis. Because this seems to be a rare complication-similar(More)
Germ-cell tumors can be subdivided into germinoma, embryonal carcinoma, choriocarcinoma, endodermal sinus tumor (yolk-sac tumor), and teratoma. They are also distinguished by their production of secreted markers such as alpha-fetoprotein produced in endodermal sinus tumors and embryonal carcinoma or beta-human chorionic gonadotropin, produced by(More)
A cell line (NCE-G28) was established from the biopsy material of a human gliosarcoma of low histological differentiation. The initial cultures showed a mixed population of cells which in later stages became more uniform due to loss of slower growing constituents. The cells have been growing steadily for 20 months. A suspension of NCE-G28 cells injected(More)
The proliferative behaviour of 35 benign intracranial meningiomas was investigated which were embolized for devascularization 3 to 268 hours prior to surgical exstirpation. The nuclear proliferation antigen Ki-67 was visualized by means of the monoclonal antibody MIB1 on formalin fixed and paraffin embedded tissue. Tumor cells and inflammatory reactions(More)
The September 2002 COM. A 24-year-old female presented with a history of 3 generalized seizures, the first of which had occurred 6 months before admission. Her neurological examination was normal, but upon admission her MRI showed a small cystic lesion in the left parieto-occipital region. The lesion was hyper-intense on T-2 weighted images and did not show(More)
Neuropathological examination of three patients who were maintained on parenteral nutrition without substitution of thiamine demonstrated an acute haemorrhagic encephalopathy. The lesions differed substantially from the classic features of thiamine deficient encephalopathy regarding the histopathological alterations and the topographical distribution. The(More)
The hypothesis is developed that plateau waves (PW) are caused by an abrupt elevation of postcapillary flow resistance induced by compression of the outlets of the leptomeningeal veins. It is shown by means of a physical model that the main prerequisite for venous outlet compression consists in an elevation of the outflow resistance of the cerebrospinal(More)
Meningiomas are usually benign tumors; however, they can recur after surgical resection and occasionally show histological progression to a higher malignancy grade. Five such rare cases of aggressively recurring meningiomas were present in our departmental cohort of 923 primary meningeal neoplasms operated over a 17-year period. Four other aggressively(More)
In order to further elucidate the pathogenesis of the direct carotid cavernous fistulas (dCCF) clinical, patho-anatomical, and physicomechanical studies were performed. In 27 of 42 patients the dCCF were found to be localized in the segment C4 (according to Teufel, 12), in 13 patients in segment C 2 and in only 2 patients in segment C 3. The patients with(More)