Rudolf J Schneider

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The effluent of four sewage treatment plants (STP) and eight surface water samples from the river Rhine in Germany and two smaller rivers were monitored for the hormones estradiol (E2) and ethinylestradiol (EE2). The studied STPs are using different treatment processes. Two facilities include an activated sludge treatment, one is a constructed wetland, and(More)
Sorption of atrazine on soils subjected to three different organic amendments was measured using a batch equilibrium technique. A higher K(F) value (2.20 kg(-1)(mg L(-1))(-N)) was obtained for soil fertilized with compost, which had a higher organic matter (OM) content. A correlation between the K(FOC) values and the percentage of aromatic carbon in OM was(More)
Carbamazepine (CBZ), caffeine and cetirizine were monitored by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) in surface and wastewaters from Berlin, Germany. This fast and cost-efficient method enabled to assess the spatial and temporal variation of these anthropogenic markers in a high-throughput screening. CBZ and cetirizine were detected by the same(More)
A new immunoassay has been developed based on a commercially available anti-caffeine monoclonal antibody and a de novo synthesized tracer, using horseradish peroxidase and UV-visible detection. Caffeine, which is frequently found in surface waters, can be quantified with a relative error lower than 20% for concentrations above 0.025 microg L(-1) (limit of(More)
The impacts of carbamazepine (CBZ) on aquatic organisms are yet not well investigated. The present study aimed to better understand the chronic effects of environmentally relevant concentrations of CBZ. The experiment was performed by exposing the filter feeding clam Ruditapes philippinarum to 0.00, 0.03, 0.30, 3.00 and 9.00μg/L, during 28days. To assess(More)
The binding of homogeneous Escherichia coli K12 single strand DNA binding protein to a 3H-labeled 375-nucleotide single-stranded DNA of known sequence was detected with a filter-binding assay. The binding of protein is sufficiently cooperative that an all-or-nothing mechanism governs and DNA is either free of or saturated with protein. The stoichiometry of(More)
The occurrence of carbamazepine (CBZ) and its metabolites in German and Portuguese wastewater was investigated. A total of 46 samples from influent and effluent wastewater were analyzed by liquid-chromatography (LC) tandem mass spectrometry. The five metabolites 10,11-dihydro-10,11-dihydroxy-CBZ (DiOH-CBZ), 10,11-dihydro-10-hydroxy-CBZ (10-OH-CBZ),(More)
The pharmaceutical compound carbamazepine (CBZ) is an emerging pollutant in the aquatic environment and may potentially be used as a wastewater marker. In this work, an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of carbamazepine in surface and sewage waters has been developed. The heterogeneous immunoassay is based on a commercially(More)
Carbamazepine (CBZ), an antiepileptic drug, is one of the most commonly detected pharmaceutical drugs in aquatic ecosystems, and is used as a marker of urban pollution. Since CBZ is designed to exert a biological effect, when it reaches aquatic environment high probability exist for toxic effects on non-target organisms. The present study evaluated the(More)