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BACKGROUND Our objective was to develop a three-dimensional high-resolution ultrasonic imaging technique to be utilized for in-vivo characterization of the ciliary body and the posterior iris. The benefit of this imaging in enhancing the quantification of the configurational changes in the ciliary body during accommodation is demonstrated. METHODS(More)
PURPOSE Evaluation of a new method to visualize distribution and morphology of human corneal nerves (Adelta- and C-fibers) by means of fluorescence staining, confocal laser scanning microscopy, and 3-dimensional (3D) reconstruction. METHODS Trephinates of corneas with a diagnosis of Fuchs corneal dystrophy were sliced into layers of 200 microm thickness(More)
PURPOSE The accommodation process of the human eye is still a controversial subject. Coleman assumes that the lens, together with the zonula fibers, forms a diaphragm which is held in a catenary shape due to the pressure difference between the aqueous and vitreous body of the lens. The aim of the paper is to compare the results of two simulations (according(More)
We sought to determine whether early nerve damage may be detected by corneal confocal microscopy (CCM), skin biopsy, and neurophysiological tests in 86 recently diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients compared with 48 control subjects. CCM analysis using novel algorithms to reconstruct nerve fiber images was performed for all fibers and major nerve fibers (MNF)(More)
In order to improve the detection of flat urothelial neoplasia an improvement in optical methods might be helpful. We investigated the use of confocal laser scanning microscopy in a pilot study of specimens with bladder cancer. A total of 35 fresh ex vivo specimens of 20 human bladders of patients who underwent radical cystectomy were examined with a(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this clinical study was to demonstrate the practicability of self-measured intraocular pressure and to evaluate the reliability by comparing the data with those obtained by Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT). METHODS A total of 40 patients aged between 44 and 82 years with glaucoma were introduced to the handling of the tonometer.(More)
PURPOSE To overcome the anterior corneal mosaic (ACM) phenomenon in in vivo confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and to reconstruct undistorted images of the subbasal nerve plexus (SNP), facilitating morphometric analysis in the presence of ACM ridges. METHODS CLSM was performed in five healthy volunteers. An original image processing algorithm based(More)
BACKGROUND Conjunctival carcinomas are tumors especially of the 6th/7th decades. They occur in Germany with a frequency of 1/20,000. For years it has been well known that in Africa the number of malignant tumors of the conjunctiva has been increasing. The reasons for that are not well known. HIV is a possible pathogenetic cofactor. METHOD A histological(More)
AIM To investigate the influence of refractive index of aqueous humour on imaging of corneal endothelium in confocal microscopy. To clarify the phenomenon of dark endothelial and bright epithelial cell membranes in confocal images of corneas. METHODS Use of a novel digital confocal laser scanning microscope, a combination of the Heidelberg retina(More)
BACKGROUND We carried out an investigation into the morphological and quantitative corneal properties in dry eye with various underlying pathologies. METHODS Ten patients with aqueous tear deficiency, 8 with dysthyroid ophthalmopathy, 8 with chronic lagophthalmos and 10 normal participants were examined. Confocal microscope images were taken at the centre(More)