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1. The properties of excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) of rat neocortical neurons were investigated with a fast single-electrode current-voltage clamp in vitro. Typically, apparently pure EPSPs were obtained by selection of electric stimuli of low intensity. 2. The amplitude and time integral of the EPSP increased when the neuron was depolarized.(More)
1. The ionic mechanism underlying the fast, GABAA receptor-mediated inhibitory postsynaptic potential (IPSPA) was examined in rat neocortical neurones using intracellular recording techniques. Synaptic responses were evoked by orthodromic stimulation applied to the subcortical white matter or to the pial surface. All experiments were carried out at a(More)
Cortical information processing depends crucially upon intrinsic neuronal properties modulating a given synaptic input, in addition to integration of excitatory and inhibitory inputs. These intrinsic mechanisms are poorly understood in sensory cortex areas. We therefore investigated neuronal properties in slices of the auditory cortex (AC) of normal hearing(More)
GABA(B) receptor-mediated responses were investigated in human and rat neocortical neurones in vitro by using intracellular recording. Human epileptogenic tissue and cortex from rats were compared for differences related to the cellular mechanisms of hyperexcitability. In both tissues, single stimuli of various intensities were used to compare basic(More)
Considerable evidence indicates disturbances in the ionic gradient of GABAA receptor-mediated inhibition of neurones in human epileptogenic tissues. Two contending mechanisms have been proposed, reduced outward and increased inward Cl⁻ transporters. We investigated the properties of Cl⁻ transport in human and rat neocortical neurones (layer II/III) using(More)
Hippocampal inhibitory postsynaptic potentials are depolarizing in granule cells but hyperpolarizing in CA3 neurons because the reversal potentials and membrane potentials of these cells differ. Here the hippocampal slice preparation was used to investigate the role of chloride transport in these inhibitory responses. In both cell types, increasing the(More)
Neuronal subthreshold excitability and firing behaviour are markedly influenced by the activation and deactivation of the somato-dendritic hyperpolarization-activated cation current (Ih). Here, we evaluated possible contributions of Ih to hyperexcitability in an animal model of absence seizures (WAG/Rij rats). We investigated pyramidal neurons of the(More)
1. Active and passive factors affecting the chloride gradient of cortical neurons were assessed using intracellular recordings from neurons in slices of cingulate cortex maintained in vitro. The chloride equilibrium potential (ECl-) was estimated indirectly from the reversal potentials of responses to perisomatic gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) application(More)
1. The reversal potential of the Cl(-)-dependent, inhibitory post-synaptic potential (E(i.p.s.p.)) was measured in the isolated crayfish stretch receptor neurone using two intracellular micro-electrodes. The difference between E(i.p.s.p.) and the resting membrane potential (E(m)), the i.p.s.p. driving force, was reversibly decreased by addition of(More)
PURPOSE Effects of pre- and postsynaptic γ-aminobutyric acid B (GABA(B)) receptor activation were characterized in human tissue from epilepsy surgery. METHODS Slices of human cortical tissue were investigated in a submerged-type chamber with intracellular recordings in layers II/III. Parallel experiments were performed in rat neocortical slices with(More)