Rudolf A Deisz

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1. The ionic mechanism underlying the fast, GABAA receptor-mediated inhibitory postsynaptic potential (IPSPA) was examined in rat neocortical neurones using intracellular recording techniques. Synaptic responses were evoked by orthodromic stimulation applied to the subcortical white matter or to the pial surface. All experiments were carried out at a(More)
1. The properties of excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) of rat neocortical neurons were investigated with a fast single-electrode current-voltage clamp in vitro. Typically, apparently pure EPSPs were obtained by selection of electric stimuli of low intensity. 2. The amplitude and time integral of the EPSP increased when the neuron was depolarized.(More)
1. The mechanisms involved in the lability of inhibition at higher frequencies of stimulation were investigated in the guinea-pig in vitro neocortical slice preparation by intracellular recording techniques. We attempted to test the possibility of a feedback depression of GABA on subsequent release. 2. At resting membrane potential (Em, -75.8 +/- 5.2 mV)(More)
Hippocampal inhibitory postsynaptic potentials are depolarizing in granule cells but hyperpolarizing in CA3 neurons because the reversal potentials and membrane potentials of these cells differ. Here the hippocampal slice preparation was used to investigate the role of chloride transport in these inhibitory responses. In both cell types, increasing the(More)
Cell death induced by tumour-necrosis-factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) was believed to occur exclusively in tumour cells, suggesting that this drug is safe to use as an antitumour therapy. Concerns were raised, however, when cultured normal human hepatocytes were shown to be susceptible to TRAIL. Here we report that TRAIL induces apoptosis(More)
Neuronal subthreshold excitability and firing behaviour are markedly influenced by the activation and deactivation of the somato-dendritic hyperpolarization-activated cation current (Ih). Here, we evaluated possible contributions of Ih to hyperexcitability in an animal model of absence seizures (WAG/Rij rats). We investigated pyramidal neurons of the(More)
GABA(B) receptor-mediated responses were investigated in human and rat neocortical neurones in vitro by using intracellular recording. Human epileptogenic tissue and cortex from rats were compared for differences related to the cellular mechanisms of hyperexcitability. In both tissues, single stimuli of various intensities were used to compare basic(More)
The ability of the indoleamine serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) to alter membrane characteristics of neocortical neurons was analyzed using intracellular recording techniques. The present study demonstrates that 5-HT primarily depolarized 68% of cortical neurons probably by decreasing a resting K+ conductance, an effect blocked by the antagonists(More)
PURPOSE Effects of pre- and postsynaptic γ-aminobutyric acid B (GABA(B)) receptor activation were characterized in human tissue from epilepsy surgery. METHODS Slices of human cortical tissue were investigated in a submerged-type chamber with intracellular recordings in layers II/III. Parallel experiments were performed in rat neocortical slices with(More)
The mechanism underlying outward chloride transport in guinea pig cingulate cortical neurons of in vitro slices was characterized with respect to its pharmacological antagonists and anion selectivity, and the nature of other ion movements coupled to Cl- transport. Changes in intracellular Cl- concentration, following iontophoresis of Cl- from KCl-filled(More)